Chapter 6: Identities and Subgroups
1. Each of us is a member of various subgroups throughout our lives. Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of subgroups?
- Subgroups provide members with relatively complete values and patterns of behaviour.
- Subgroups establish group boundaries by their specialised vocabulary.
- Subgroups may have unique nonverbal symbols such as clothing style to give members a sense of identity.
- Subgroups tend to be ‘stigmatised’ by the mainstream cultures and live in isolated regions.
2. Tarryn is an Australian university student. Working on a group project with her classmates, she noticed that some of the intercultural students in her group dealt with the conflict differently. She thought that the foreign students should have been more upfront, like the Australian students within the group, and that their approach simply caused more problems. Which stage of Bennett’s DMIS model best illustrates Tarryn’s level of intercultural sensitivity?
3. Which of the following statements is NOT a characteristic of subculture group members?
- They may have verbal and nonverbal systems of the dominant culture.
- They mostly live in an isolated part of the country.
- They generally possess some typical physical or cultural trait.
- They have beliefs and value systems governing the members’ behaviours.
4. Which of the following statements best characterizes cultural identity?
- Cultural identity separates people in the same cultural group.
- Cultural identity is exclusive but not inclusive.
- Cultural identity is not necessarily defined by geographic boundaries.
- Cultural identity is stable and cannot be changed.
5. Which of the following statements is NOT true of nation branding, according to the case study in this chapter?
- Nation branding makes connection between nationalism and marketing.
- Nation branding reinterprets national identity in commercial terms.
- Nation branding campaigns target external audience and internal audiences.
- Nation branding has political but not economic interests.
6. Which of the following is true of social identity?
- Social identity derives from group memberships.
- Social identity does not include emotional significance of the membership.
- Social identity separates individuals from the society.
- Social identity picks out a person as an individual but not as group members.
7. Which of the following theories explains the relationship between an individual and society on the basis of roles?
- role integration theory
- role identity theory
- role distinction theory
- role compromise theory
8. Which of the following terms represents the view that a child born as a girl will always be female, adopt female roles, and grow up to be a woman?
- gender relation
- gender distinction
- gender constancy
- gender development
9. The word ‘religion’ comes from the Latin word religare, which means ______.
- to tie
- to separate
- to till
- to rule
10. According to Young Kim (2001), which of the following statements best describes people who are in an intercultural personhood?
- They believe contact between cultures cannot lead to the development of intercultural identity.
- They believe that the development of intercultural identity involves individualization of one’s self-other orientations.
- They believe that the development of intercultural identity involves universalization of one’s self-other orientations.
- They believe that the development of intercultural identity involves individualization of one’s self-other orientations and that the development of intercultural identity involves universalization of one’s self-other orientations.