Chapter 1: Terrorism: First Impressions

Bartosz Bolechów argues that the U.S. has committed a number of policy mistakes that are associated with its being the target of terrorist violence. Richerd Chasdi offers an insightful investigation of a “resiliency continuum” that examines nation-state population resiliency to several spectacular terrorist events. R. Antony Duff argues that terrorists are entitled to be treated as enemy combatants. Mario Ferraro presents an historical comparison and analysis on the phenomenon of “martyrdom” in different cultures. Gray and Wilson report research on how people interpret the war on terrorism. Alberto Rocha, an inmate in Calipatria State Prison in California, equates the domestic “war on gangs” with the “war on terrorism.” Sandler identifies the main contributions of empirical and theoretical literature on terrorism. Stephen Schwartz raises the critical issue of security within the contexts of renewed U.S. isolationism and misperceptions of the Muslim world. The U.S. Department of State and National Intelligence Council reports are useful reviews of the global terrorist environment. Peter Van Ham discusses how domestic diplomacy for the “hearts and minds” of the Muslim world is a key factor for waging the U.S. war on terrorism. Michael Walzer explores the application of standards of operations for special operations forces.

Journal Article 1.1: Bolechów, Bartosz. “The United States of America Vis-à-Vis Terrorism: The Super Power’s Weaknesses and Mistakes.” American Behavioral Scientist 48:6 (February 2005).

Journal Article 1.2: Chasdi, Richard J. “A Continuum of Nation-State Resiliency to Watershed Terrorist Events.” Armed Forces & Society 40:3 (2014).

Journal Article 1.3: Duff, R. Antony. “Notes on Punishment and Terrorism.” American Behavioral Scientist 48:6 (February 2005).

Journal Article 1.4: Ferrero, Mario. “Martyrdom Contracts.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 50:6 (December 2006).

Journal Article 1.5: Gray, Jacqueline M. and Margaret A. Wilson. “Understanding the ‘War on Terrorism’: Responses to 11 September 2001.” Journal of Peace Research 43:1 (January 2006).

Journal Article 1.6: Rocha, Alberto Mario. “Undoing the Blindfold of Old Glory: Observations on 9/11 and the War on Terrorism from Lockdown USA.” Cultural Studies: Critical Methodologies 4:2 (2004).

Journal Article 1.7: Sandler, Todd. “New Frontiers of Terrorism Research: An Introduction.” Journal of Peace Research 48 (May 2011).

Journal Article 1.8: Schwartz, Stephen. “Security or Freedom First?” American Behavioral Scientist 51 (May 2008).

Journal Article 1.9: U.S. Department of State, Bureau of Counterterrorism and Countering Violent Extremism. “Country Reports on Terrorism and The Global Counterterrorism Forum.”

Journal Article 1.10: U.S. Department of State. The National Security Strategy of the United States of America (March 2006).

Journal Article 1.11: U.S. Department of State. “White House Counterterrorism Reports.”

Journal Article 1.12: U.S. National Intelligence Council. National Intelligence Estimate: The Terrorist Threat to the US Homeland. Washington, D.C. (July 2007).

Journal Article 1.13: Van Ham, Peter. “War, Lies, and Videotape: Public Diplomacy and the USA’s War on Terrorism.” Security Dialogue 34:4 (December 2003).

Journal Article 1.14: Walzer, Michael. “On Fighting Terrorism Justly.” International Relations 21 (December 2007).