Chapter 6: Terror From Below: Terrorism by Dissidents
Brian Blankenship investigates the theory that terrorist groups intentionally try to provoke states to use repression that alienates the population, and addresses the question of what types of states are likely to respond with repressive measures. Brock Blomberg and colleagues propose an “economic model” of terrorism, that is, a rational-actor model that aims to explain the benefit-cost motivation behind dissidents turning to terrorist action. Enders and Su present a discussion of how terrorist networks inevitably restructure themselves in response to proactive counterterrorist policies. Margaret Gonzalez-Perez analyzes the roles of women within internationalist and domestic guerrilla organizations. An interesting comparison of Colombia’s FARC and paramilitaries is presented by Francisco Gutierrez-Sanin. In a similar vein to Blomberg and colleagues, Lawrance Kuznar and James Lutz attempt to explain why individuals choose to join a terrorist group, using the economic-psychological theories of risk sensitivity and prospect theory. Mundy examines the politics of naming civil wars and the definitions of civil war. Raleigh discusses the proliferation of dissident paramilitaries in Africa. Kevin Siqueira discusses strategic interactions between governments and terrorist groups as they compete for public support. The article by Eli Somer, et. al., reports qualitative research on the effect of stress on Israeli hospital workers who treat civilian casualties. Spencer and Croucher present a study which tests “spiral of silence” theory as it pertains to ETA in Spain and France. Anna Lisa Tota presents a cultural discussion of commemorative rituals, using three train bombings as case studies. West and Orr evaluate the effects of perception and emotion during incidents of urban terrorism.
Journal Article 6.10: Somer, Eli, Eli Buchbinder, Maya Peled-Avram, and Yael Ben-Yizhack. “The Stress and Coping of Israeli Emergency Room Social Workers Following Terrorist Attacks.” Qualitative Health Research 14:8 (October 2004).
Journal Article 6.11: Spencer, Anthony T. and Stephen M. Croucher. “Basque Nationalism and the Spiral of Silence: An Analysis of Public Perceptions of ETA in Spain and France.” International Communications Gazette 70 (April 2008).