Chapter 8: Violent Ideologies: Terrorism From the Left and Right

Stephen Chan interprets and discusses the theoretical writings of Frantz Fanon and links his theories to modern suicide bombings. Carl Davidson and Jerry Harris examine the rise of the so-called Christian Right and tendencies within the movement. Research on the extremist right wing is presented by Raphael Ezekiel, including discussions of their tactics and ideologies. Garland and Simi assess the use of civil litigation to suppress white supremacist violence. Richard Giulianotti and Francisco Klauser examine the intersection of sport and terrorism, taking a critical perspective, as is presented in Chapter. Gruenwald compares homicides perpetrated by far-right extremists and other homicides in the U.S. Klein, Gruenewald, and Smith present empirical research on the characteristics of successful and failed terrorist incidents conducted by rightist extremists in the U.S. An ideological perspective of 9/11 – in this case, a Marxist perspective – is offered by Peter McLaren. Cas Mudde’s article is a comparative analysis of rightist racial extremism in Europe. Martha Newson uses the concept of “identity fusion” to explore the phenomenon of football violence in the British and Brazilian contexts. The ideology and membership of the modern militia movement are evaluated by Mark Pitcavage. Sela-Sayovitz examines social discourse among policymakers, the press and pressure groups after the emergence of a neo-Nazi gang in Israel. Tanya Sharpe examines the potentiality of terrorist violence emanating from adherents of the Christian Identity movement. Steve VanderHeiden explores the case for classifying attacks against inanimate targets – often practiced by ecological extremists – as acts of terrorism. Meredith Watts’ article examines xenophobic and neo-fascist tendencies within German youth cultures.

Journal Article 8.1: Chan, Stephen. “Fanon: The Octogenarian of International Revenge and the Suicide Bomber of Today.” Cooperation and Conflict 42:2 (2007).

Journal Article 8.2: Davidson, Carl and Jerry Harris. “Globalisation, Theocracy and the New Fascism: The US Right’s Rise to Power.” Race & Class 47:3 (2006).

Journal Article 8.3: Ezekiel, Raphael S. “An Ethnographer Looks at Neo-Nazi and Klan Groups: The Racist Mind Revisited.” American Behavioral Scientist 46:1 (September 2002).

Journal Article 8.4: Garland, Brett and Pete Simi. “A Critique of Using Civil Litigation to Suppress White Supremacist Violence.” Criminal Justice Review 36 (December 2011).

Journal Article 8.5: Giulianotti, Richard, and Francisco Klauser. “Sport Mega-events and ‘Terrorism’: A Critical Analysis.” International Review for the Sociology of Sport 47:3 (2012): 307-323.

Journal Article 8.6: Gruenewald, Jeff. “A Comparative Examination of Homicides Perpetrated by Far-Right Extremists.” Homicide Studies 15 (May 2011).

Journal Article 8.7: Klein, Brent R., Jeff Gruenewald, and Brent L. Smith. “Opportunity, Group Structure, Temporal Patterns, and Successful Outcomes of Far-Right Terrorism Incidents in the United States.” Crime and Delinquency 63:10 (2017).

Journal Article 8.8: McLaren, Peter. “The Dialectics of Terrorism: A Marxist Response to September 11 (Part Two: Unveiling the Past, Evading the Present).” Cultural Studies: Critical Methodologies 3:1 (2003).

Journal Article 8.9: Mudde, Cas. “Racist Extremism in Central and Eastern Europe.” East European Politics and Societies 19:2 (2005).

Journal Article 8.10: Newson, Martha. “Football, Fan Violence, and Identity Fusion.” International Review for the Sociology of Sport (2017): 1012690217731293.

Journal Article 8.11: Pitcavage, Mark. “Camoulflage and Conspiracy: The Militia Movement from Ruby Ridge to Y2K.” American Behavioral Scientist 44:6 (February 2001).

Journal Article 8.12: Sela-Shayovitz, Revital. “Neo-Nazis and Moral Panic: The Emergence of Neo-Nazi Youth Gangs in Israel.” Journal of Crime, Media, Culture 7:1 (April 2011).

Journal Article 8.13: Sharpe, Tanya Telfair. “The Identity Christian Movement: Ideology of Domestic Terrorism.” Journal of Black Studies 30:4 (March 2000).

Journal Article 8.14: VanderHeiden, Steve. “Eco-terrorism or Justified Resistance? Radical Environmentalism and the ‘War on Terror’.” Politics & Society 33:3 (September 2005).

Journal Article 8.15: Watts, Meredith W. “Aggressive Youth Cultures and Hate Crime: Skinheads and Xenophobic Youth in Germany.” American Behavioral Scientist 45:4 (December 2001).