Chapter 3: First Cycle Coding Methods

Magnitude Coding

Kao, T.-S. A., & Salerno, J. (2014). Keeping adolescents busy with extracurricular activities. Journal of School Nursing 30(1), 57–67.

Sandelowski, M., Voils, C. I., & Knafl, G. (2009). On quantitizing. Journal of Mixed Methods Research 3(3), 208–22.

Weaver-Hightower, M. B. (2014). A mixed methods approach for identifying influence on public policy. Journal of Mixed Methods Research 8(2), 115–38.

Simultaneous Coding

Cloyes, K. G., Rosenkranz, S. J., Berry, P. H., Supiano, K. P., Routt, M., Shannon-Dorcy, K., & Llanque, S. M. (2015). Essential elements of an effective prison hospice program. American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine. doi: 10.1177/1049909115574491

Cockcroft, T. (2005). Using oral history to investigate police culture. Qualitative Research 5(3), 365–84.  

Turner, N., & Lee-Kelley, L. (2013). Unpacking the theory on ambidexterity: An illustrative case on the managerial architectures, mechanisms and dynamics. Management Learning 44(2), 179–96.

Structural Coding

McHugh, R. M., Horner, C. G., Colditz, J. B., & Wallace, T. L. (2013). Bridges and barriers: Adolescent perceptions of student-teacher relationships. Urban Education 48(1), 9–43.

Descriptive Coding

Issakainen, M. (2014). Young people negotiating the stigma around their depression. Young 22(2), 171–84.

Ni, H., Jones, C., & Bruning, R. (2013). Chinese teachers’ evaluation criteria as reflected in narrative student evaluations: Implications for psychological services in schools. School Psychology International 34(2), 223–38.  

Sedgwick, D. (2014). Managing collaborative paradox: Examining collaboration between Head Start and the Virginia preschool initiative. Administration & Society. doi: 10.1177/0095399714532269.

Waldron, J. (2013). YouTube, fanvids, forums, vlogs and blogs: Informal music learning in a  convergent on- and offline music community. International Journal of Music Education 31(1), 91–105. 

In Vivo Coding

Cloyes, K. G., Rosenkranz, S. J., Wold, D., Berry, P. H., & Supiano, K. P. (2014). To be truly alive: Motivation among prison inmate hospice volunteers and the transformative process of end-of-life peer care service. American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Medicine 31(7), 735–48.

Godwin, E. E., Foster, V. A., & Keefe, E. P. (2013). Hurricane Katrina families: Social class and the family in trauma recovery. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families 21(1), 15–27.

Steyn, G. M. (2015). Creating a teacher collaborative practice in a South African primary school: The role of the principal. Journal of Asian and African Studies 50(2), 160–75.

Initial Coding

Bertrand, M. (2014). Reciprocal dialogue between educational decision makers and students of color: Opportunities and obstacles. Educational Administration Quarterly 50(5), 812–43.

Concept Coding

Clarke, J. S., & Holt, R. (2015). Vivienne Westwood and the ethics of consuming fashion. Journal of Management Inquiry. doi: 10.1177/1056492615592969

Demant, J., & Ravn, S. (2013).Communicating trust between parents and their children: A case study of adolescents’ alcohol use in Denmark. Journal of Adolescent Research 28(3), 325–47.

Emotion Coding

Scarduzio, J. A., & Tracy, S. J. (2015). Sensegiving and sensebreaking via emotion cycles and emotional buffering: How collective communication creates order in the courtroom. Management Communication Quarterly 29(3), 331–357.

Values Coding

Chan, C., & Yuen, M. (2015). Teachers’ beliefs and practices for nurturing creativity in students: Perspectives from teachers of gifted students in Hong Kong. Gifted Education International, 31(3), 200–13.

Wallace, T. L., & Chhuon, V. (2014). Proximal processes in urban classrooms: Engagement and disaffection in urban youth of color. American Educational Research Journal 51(5), 937–93.

Evaluation Coding

Kind, T., Goldman, E., Fratantoni, K., Wiedermann, B. L., Agrawal, D., & Coddington, D. (2014). Learning to deliver care in a medical home: A qualitative analysis of residents’ reflections on practice. Clinical Pediatrics 53(7), 658–65.

Thomas, D. R. (2006). A general inductive approach for analyzing qualitative evaluation data. American Journal of Evaluation 27(2), 237–46.

Dramaturgical Coding

Cannon, A. (2012). Making the data perform: An ethnodramatic analysis. Qualitative Inquiry 18(7), 583–94.

Lieblich, A., Zilber, T. B., & Tuval-Mashiach, R. (2008). Narrating human actions: The subjective experience of agency, structure, communion, and serendipity. Qualitative Inquiry 14(4): 613–31. 

Motif Coding

Mello, R. A. (2002). Collocation analysis: A method for conceptualizing and understanding narrative data. Qualitative Research 2(2), 231–43.

Narrative Coding

Ellis, A. L., & Geller, K. D. (2014). Unheard and unseen: How housing insecure African American adolescents experience the education system. Education and Urban Society. doi: 10.1177/0013124514541144.

Holistic Coding

Powell, K. H. (2014). In the shadow of the ivory tower: An ethnographic study of neighborhood relations. Qualitative Social Work 13(1), 108–26.

Provisional Coding

Bell, S., & Menec, V. (2015). “You don’t want to ask for the help”: The imperative of independence: Is it related to social exclusion? Journal of Applied Gerontology, 34(3), NP1–NP21.

Domahidi, E., & Quandt, T. (2015). “And all of a sudden my life was gone…”: A biographical analysis of highly engaged adult gamers. New Media & Society, 17(7), 1154–69‍.

Roy, V., Châteauvert, J., & Richard, M. C. (2013). An ecological examination of factors influencing men’s engagement in intimate partner violence groups. Journal of Interpersonal Violence 28(9), 1798–1816.

Sapulete, S., & van den Berg, A. (2015). Works council effectiveness in subsidiaries of MNCs during reorganizations: Case study evidence from the Netherlands. Economic and Industrial Democracy. doi: 10.1177/0143831X15586436.

Protocol Coding

Brooks, M. C. (2015). School principals in Southern Thailand: Exploring trust with community leaders during conflict. Educational Management Administration & Leadership 43(2), 232–52

Themeing the Data

Agarwal, S. D., & Barthel, M. L. (2015). The friendly barbarians: Professional norms and work routines of online journalists in the United States. Journalism 16(3), 376–391.

Bonifas, R. P., Simons, K., Biel, B., & Kramer, C. (2014). Aging and place in long-term care settings: Influences on social relationships. Journal of Aging and Health 26(8), 1320–39.

Dillon, G. V., Underwood, J. D. M., & Freemantle, L. J. (2014). Autism and the U.K. secondary school experience. Focus on Autism and Other Developmental Disabilities. doi: 10.1177/1088357614539833.

Epaminonda, E. (2014). Changes in authority relations when moving between more and less authoritarian cultures: The impact of Anglo-American education and return home. International Journal of Cross Cultural Management 14(2), 173–93.

Flynn, S. V., & Sangganjanavanich, F. (2015). American Indian perceptions of educational achievement in predominantly White culture: Implications for marriage, couple, and family counselors. The Family Journal: Counseling and Therapy for Couples and Families 23(3), 216–27.

Hlava, P., & Elfers, J. (2014). The lived experience of gratitude. Journal of Humanistic Psychology 54(4), 434–55.

Spaulding, S. (2014). The poetics of goodbye: Change and nostalgia in goodbye narratives penned by ex-Baltimore Sun employees. Journalism. doi: 10.1177/1464884914552267.

Metasummary and Metasynthesis

Maher, L., & Hudson, S. L. (2007). Women in the drug economy: A metasynthesis of the qualitative literature. Journal of Drug Issues 37(4), 805–26.

Thorne, S., Jensen, L., Kearney, M. H., Noblit, G., & Sandelowski, M. (2004). Qualitative metasynthesis: Reflections on methodological orientation and ideological agenda. Qualitative Health Research 14(10), 1342–65.