Click on the following links. Please note these will open in a new window.
Reynolds, C. R. (1983). Test bias: In God we trust; all others must have data. Journal of Special Education, 17, 241–260.
Elder, C. (1997). What does test bias have to do with fairness? Language Testing, 14, 261–277.
Xiaoming, X. (2010). How do we go about investigating test fairness? Language Testing, 27, 147–170.
Savickas, M. L., & Porfeli, E. J. (2011, November). Revision of the career maturity inventory: The adaptability form. Journal of Career Assessment, 19(4), 355–374.
Xi, X. (2010, April). How do we go about investigating test fairness? Language Testing, 27(2), 147–170.
Kane, M. (2010, April). Validity and fairness. Language Testing, 27(2), 177–182.