Chapter 6: Research and Evidence-based Practice in Nursing

1. The key components of EBP are ______.

  1. best external evidence and professional expertise
  2. best external evidence and patient values and expectations
  3. professional expertise and patient values and expectations
  4. best external evidence; professional expertise, and patient values and expectations

Answer: D

2. Which of the following are types of evidence available to nurses?

  1. research studies
  2. a professional’s experience
  3. anecdotal evidence
  4. all of these

Answer: D

3. Secondary research ______.

  1. uses data that was originally collected for another purpose
  2. is the next stage in a research project
  3. is research undertaken in secondary schools
  4. is stronger than primary research

Answer: A

4. A randomized control trial is an example of ______.

  1. grounded theory research
  2. quantitative research
  3. ethnographic research
  4. phenomenological research

Answer: B

5. The aim of EBP is to ensure ______.

  1. care is patient-focused
  2. clinically
  3. cost effective
  4. patient-focused and clinically and cost effective

Answer: D

6. To develop a good question you can use PICOT, which stands for ______.

  1. problem, intervention, comparison, outcome, task
  2. problem, intervention, comparison, organization, time
  3. population, intervention, comparison, outcome, time
  4. population, interview, currency, outcome, time

Answer: C

7. The best places to search for evidence is ______.

  1. Google
  2. Google Scholar
  3. a healthcare database, e.g. CINAHL
  4. the library bookshelf

Answer: C

8. Critical appraisal requires you to consider the ______.

  1. strength of the evidence
  2. the weakness of the evidence
  3. the relevance of the evidence
  4. all of these

Answer: D