Useful Weblinks

Explore chapter themes further with these author curated weblinks.

Chapter 1: Culture and Cross-Cultural Management

Geert and Gert Jan Hofstede’s site

This website provides visitors with comparative tools, country profiles and other valuable information to those who want to access Hofstede’s research and outcomes. This is currently the official page for the diffusion of Geert Hofstede’s research and tools., Editor Anne-Wil Harzing’s website

This website contains multiple references and resources linked to IHRM. In the section ‘resources’ a spreadsheet with the scores of 98 countries on Hofstede’s and/or GLOBE’s dimensions is free to download.


The Society for Intercultural Education, Training and Research

The Society for Intercultural Education, Training and Research (SIETAR) is the world’s largest interdisciplinary network for professionals working in the field of intercultural relations. You find on SIETAR Europa’s and SIETAR USA’s pages information about trainings, publications and cross-cultural management and cross-cultural communication tools. SIETAR organizations have close links with the Intercultural Communication Institute. It is a private, non-profit foundation designed to foster an awareness and appreciation of cultural differences in both the international and domestic arenas ( It provides, for example, education and professional development in intercultural communication.

Chapter 2: Comparative Human Resource Management

The Cranfield Network on International Human Resource Management (Cranet)

Cranet is a global academic network studying the development of HRM in more than 40 countries worldwide since 1990, and contains information about the network as well as a list of publications.


Eurostat, the statistical arm of the European Union

Eurostat, the statistical arm of the European Union, offers a wealth of data about various aspects relevant to HRM such as labour market data, living conditions or population, information about economic data in general, e.g. gross domestic product (GDP) per capita or GDP growth as well as a number of EU policy indicators.


The International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a tripartite UN agency that brings together governments, employers and workers of its member states in common action to promote decent work throughout the world. It provides a number of statistics, e.g. official core labour statistics and estimates for over 200 countries since 1969, and databases such as Labordoc which contains references to a wide range of print and electronic publications, including journal articles, from countries around the world, on all aspects of work.


Geert and Gert Jan Hofstede’s site

The homepage of one of the leading researchers of national culture with a lot of information on his conceptual framework and empirical results, therefore being a good source when doing CHRM from a culture-comparative angle.

Chapter 3: The Transfer of Employment Practices across Borders in Multinational Companies

The CIPD’s international forum

The CIPD is the professional association representing HR professionals in the UK and the link takes you to its international forum.


SHRM news items on Global HR

Society for Human Resource Management is the equivalent organization to the CIPD in the U.S. and it has news items on global HR matters.


International HR Adviser

A magazine that caters for international HR professionals.

Chapter 4: Approaches to International Human Resource Management

The CIPD website

The Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development is a professional institute for HRM professionals.



World at Work is a U.S.-based community specializing in research into compensation and rewards at work.


HRM the Journal

HRM The Journal is an association of discussion forums and publication networks for researchers and practitioners in HRM and IHRM.

Chapter 5: International Assignments

Expatriatus blog

Expatriatus is a weekly blog that addresses both individuals that have or are to experience international relocations and companies that actively manage international staff.


Brookfield Global Relocation Services

Brookfield Global Relocation Services is a U.S.-based provider of relocation services and consulting that publishes an annual global relocation trends survey.



Santa Fe Relocation Services is a global provider of relocation services and consulting, publishing an annual global mobility survey.


Living Abroad

Living Abroad is an online provider of general information, country reports and tools for international assignees.


Expat Exchange 

Expatriate Exchange is an online community for meeting other expatriates, finding international jobs, getting expert advice on living abroad, international schools, taxes, relocation, etc.



InterNations is an online community for people living abroad that maintains very active city groups.

Chapter 6: Multinational Companies and the Host Country Environment

European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions

Good, up-to-date reviews of country systems of industrial relations. Eurofound is a tripartite European Union agency, which provides knowledge to assist in the development of social and work-related policies.


International Labour Organization

International developments in work and employment, labour market policy and labour standards.


Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

Detailed reports on employment trends in OECD economies, harmonized data.

Chapter 7: MNCs, Regulation and the Changing Context of International Human Resource Management

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

The OECD has plenty of material on MNCs and you can search for the OECD’s voluntary codes of conduct which are a basic outline for the governance of MNCs within an ethical context.


International Labour Organization

As the labour department of the ILO this is a significant organization. The website has many national and international reports and research papers. It also has a series of outlines and codes on MNCs and their behaviour.


 The International Trade Union Confederation

The International Trade Union Confederation is the organization that represents most national unions at an international level. It has many resources and links. It will show how unions approach the issues at hand and are responding to greater internationalization and the need for new forms of regulation.



LabourStart is an important and independent source of information about union activity supported by trade unionists. It provides insight into developments around national and international labour related agendas. There are many campaigns around MNCs reported here.

Chapter 8: Human Resource Management in Cross-Border Mergers and Acquisitions

Deloitte Merger & Acquisition Institute thought leadership and research

The Deloitte Merger & Acquisition Institute features a wide range of articles, points of view, discussion papers, research and industry reports. Topics drill deep into tough business issues, global strategies, investment and acquisition patterns, industry trends, management issues, private and public sector concerns, practical resources and more.


Institute for Mergers, Acquisitions and Alliances

Institute of Mergers, Acquisitions and Alliances is based in Switzerland and provides information on the use and benefits of mergers, acquisitions and strategic alliances. Among other services, it collects, maintains and provides specialized resources and information with respect to various aspects of M&A focusing on specific sectors and countries.


Reuters Mergers & Acquisitions site

This Reuters website is the product of a merger with Thompson Financials, and is a great source for comprehensive and up-to-date information about latest M&As. It also includes feature articles and insights on key trends and issues and analysis of M&As by industry and regions.


CNN Money listing of recent deals

CNN Money provides a listing of the most recent deals indicating the names of targets and acquirers, and the dollar value of the deal with a link to a report on each deal. See also a related Top 25 Deals year-to-date list, arranged by the dollar value of the deal.


Oaklins mid-market M&As

Oaklins (formerly M&A International) provides periodic updates on mid-market M&A deals worldwide.

Chapter 9: Managing Knowledge in Multinational Firms

Journal of Knowledge Management

This is a peer-reviewed publication dedicated to the exchange of the latest academic research and practical information on all aspects of managing knowledge in organisations.


CIO – Knowledge management definition and solutions by Meredith Levinson

CIO magazine and its portfolio of properties offer technology and business leaders articles on information technology trends and a keen understanding of IT’s role in achieving business goals.


Visual knowledge management illustrations

A Bing search page showing many images relating to the topic of knowledge management. Very useful content materials, for example, to illustrate PowerPoint presentations on the topic.


World Bank Institute’s Knowledge Management Initiative

Aims to enhance the capacity of development-oriented organisations in the client countries to achieve greater impact through the application of knowledge management tools and practices.

Chapter 10: Training and Development: Developing Global Leaders and Expatriates

Global Outpost Services

Outpost Expatriate Network is an excellent example of an MNC website that is designed to provide practical help and personal advice for the organization’s expatriates and their families. The site emanates from the Global Expatriate Policy Department within the Central Human Resource function of Shell Global.


Associates of the American Foreign Service Worldwide

The Associates of the American Foreign Service Worldwide is a non-profit organization that has been representing Foreign Service spouses, employees and retirees since 1960 and provides practical information for the expatriate. The website provides an interesting insight into the wide range of work and personal issues that are associated with expatriate living such as thrift shopping, voting rights and giving birth abroad. The scope of the website draws attention to the need for organizations to provide thorough cross-cultural training and development for expatriates.


Organizations that offer training and development programmes for global leaders and expatriates


Organizations such as these offering training and development programmes for global leaders and expatriates provide relevant information about the types and content of training and development programmes designed for expatriates.


Expat Weekly Telegraph

Newspaper websites such as Expat Weekly Telegraph provide in-depth information about expatriate issues from various perspectives including blogs from those actually working abroad.

Chapter 11: Global and Local Resourcing: The Cases of Japan, Taiwan, China and Vietnam

Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources

An online provider of research results for comparative HRM research in the Asia-Pacific region offering information on change and diversity of HRM in Asia.


HRM Guide

An online provider of links with issues on HRM in Asia.

Useful information on employee retention.


The balance – employee training and development

An online provider of employees’ training and development for organizations.

Chapter 12: Global Performance Management

The Society for Human Resource Management

This is the website of the Society for Human Resource Management, the world’s largest organization of human resource professionals. The site provides information and articles on all aspects of human resource management. Membership is required for access to all the sections, though students will find lots of information on the main page.


Performance appraisal

This website provides a complete online guide for performance appraisals, including access to several tools and online forms, etc.


Geert and Gert Jan Hofstede’s site

This website is designed to provide information on national and organizational culture. Students can compare country scores on the various dimensions, and even take a survey to determine their own scores.

Chapter 13: Total Rewards in the International Context

International Average Salary Income Database

International Average Salary Income Database is an online provider of an international comparison of average salary for various professions and an international comparison of average personal income and expenditure.


World Bank’s Gini index

The World Bank’s Gini index measures the extent to which the distribution of income or consumption expenditure among individuals or households within an economy deviates from a perfectly equal distribution.


U.S. Department of State website

The U.S. Department of State is a federal department that publishes average costs of subsistence expenses outside of the United States.


Numbeo cost of living data

Numbeo is the world’s largest database of user-contributed data about cities and countries worldwide. Numbeo provides current and timely information on world living conditions including cost of living, housing indicators, health care, traffic, crime and pollution.


Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat site

The Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat National Joint Council is a cabinet committee of the Queen’s Privy Council of Canada that publishes a schedule of per-diem rates that includes meals and incidentals for individuals travelling abroad.


U.S. Social Security Administration

Social Security Administration is an independent agency of the United States federal government that administers a social insurance programme consisting of retirement, disability and survivors’ benefits, which U.S. expatriates should contact in order to avoid penalties, avoid the loss of future benefits, and to report changes in family status when working on foreign assignments.


Australian Taxation Office travel allowance expenses

The Australian Taxation Office publishes a schedule of daily travel allowance expenses that vary according to salary levels and destinations.


Glassdoor, a job site with company reviews, salary information, interview reviews and questions and more

Glassdoor is a website that gives inside data on salaries and companies, and comments from employees. Search jobs from over 20,000 job sites, newspapers and company career pages.

Chapter 14: Equal Opportunity and Diversity Management in the Global Context

The Society for Human Resource Management

The Society for Human Resource Management is the world’s largest professional association devoted to HRM. Its webpages contain up-to-date research reports, case studies, professional advice and latest publications on a wide range of topics in HRM, including EO, DM, WLB and CSR.


United Nations Development Programmes

The United Nations Development Programmes (UNDP) coordinates global and national efforts to integrate gender equality and women’s empowerment into poverty reduction, democratic governance, crisis prevention and recovery, and environment and sustainable development. The website contains statistical information on gender progress in nation states as well as gender development initiatives, programmes and stories.

Chapter 15: Corporate Social Responsibility and Sustainability through Ethical HRM Practices

The International Labour Organization

The International Labour Organization (ILO) is a tripartite United Nations agency that brings together governments, employers and workers of its member states in common action to promote decent work throughout the world. The ILO is the global body responsible for drawing up and overseeing international labour standards. Working with its member states, the ILO seeks to ensure that labour standards are respected in practice as well as in principle.


The European Commission’s CSR website

The CSR website of the European Commission’s Directorate-General for Enterprise and Industry provides insight into what CSR is, why it is important, and what the European Commission is doing to promote it, with a particular interest in links between CSR and competitiveness.


 Corporate Watch, corporate-critical news and research

Corporate Watch is a small independent not-for-profit research and publishing group based in the UK. It undertakes research and analysis on the social and environmental impact of large corporations, particularly multinationals, raises awareness and contributes to public debate and education.


The Dow Jones Sustainability Index

The Dow Jones Sustainability Indexes, launched in 1999, track the financial performance of the leading sustainability-driven companies worldwide.


World Business Council for Sustainable Development website

The World Business Council for Sustainable Development is a CEO-led global association of some 200 companies dealing exclusively with business and sustainable development. The Council provides a platform for companies to explore sustainable development, share knowledge, experiences and best practices, and to advocate business positions on these issues in a variety of forums, working with governments, non-governmental and intergovernmental organizations.