SAGE Journal Articles

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Article 1: Schlangintweit, H. E., Good, K. P., & Barrett, S. P. (2014). The impact of nicotine lozenges and stimulus expectancies on cigarette craving. Journal of Psychopharmacology, 28, 773-79.

Summary: The article described a research study on the ability of nicotine lozenges and stimulus expectancies to reduce cigarette cravings in smokers.

Questions to Consider: [Critical thinking questions based on the article to gauge student comprehension and analysis]

  1. What potential problems may be associated with relying on self-report to determine drug abstinence?
  2. When participants were told that they were receiving nicotine, how were their cravings affected?
  3. Was nicotine administration effective at reducing craving if participants were told they were not receiving nicotine?

Article 2: Farsalinos, K. E., & Polosa, R. (2014). Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: A systematic review. Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety, 5, 67-86.

Summary: This article reviews research on electronic cigarettes as a far less harmful alternative to smoking tobacco products.

Questions to Consider:

  1. According to the paper, what factors contribute to the popularity of electronic cigarettes?
  2. What do toxicological studies suggest about the adverse effects associated with electronic versus tobacco cigarettes?
  3. How do the effects of “passive vaping” compare to the effects of secondhand smoke exposure?

Article 3: Siegel, S. (2011). The Four-Loko effect. Perspectives on Psychological Sciences, 6, 357-62.

Summary: This article reviews research exploring the hyperintoxicating effects of caffeinated alcoholic beverages.

Questions to Consider:

  1. What does research suggest about the interactions of caffeine and alcohol?
  2. What factors aside from caffeine may contribute to increased intoxication when consuming these beverages?
  3. What role does the author think the situational-specificity of alcohol tolerance play?