Multiple choice quiz
Take the quiz test your understanding of the key concepts covered in the chapter. Try testing yourself before you read the chapter to see where your strengths and weaknesses are, then test yourself again once you’ve read the chapter to see how well you’ve understood.
1. Psychoanalysis was developed to treat which mental disorder?
2. Which of the following statements is true of Freud’s seduction theory?
- It proposed that women developed hysteria as a result of seducing older men
- It proposed that hysterics only imagined or fantasized about early sexual experiences
- It proposed that hysterics suffer from memories
- Freud abandoned it because it placed too much emphasis on childhood sexuality
c. It proposed that hysterics suffer from memories
3. In Freud’s topographic model, the ‘çensor’ guards the border between …
- the Conscious and the Preconscious
- the Conscious and the Unconscious
- the Preconscious and the Unconscious
- the Ego and the Id
c. The Preconscious and the Unconsciou
4. According to Freud, the odd, magical quality of dreams reflects the influence of …
- primary process thinking
- secondary process thinking
- the ‘dreamwork’
- defence mechanisms
a. primary process thinking
5. Which of the following statements is true of the Ego, according to Freud?
- It exists prior to the Id
- It follows the ‘pleasure principle’
- It lends its libidinal energy to the Superego
- None of the above
d. None of the above
6. Which Freudian defence mechanism does this statement illustrate: ‘I’m not jealous, you are’?
7. Which of the following statements is false according to Freud’s genetic model?
- The oral stage roughly corresponds to infancy
- The anal stage is dominated by themes of control and shame
- The phallic stage ends with girls internalizing a harsher super-ego than boys
- The latency stage lasts from the end of the Oedipus complex until puberty
c. The phallic stage ends with girls internalizing a harsher super-ego than boys
8. According to psychoanalytic theory, what is the ‘anal triad’?
- Obstinacy, orderliness, and parsimony
- Neatness, cleanliness, and perfectionism
- Compulsiveness, drive, and conscientiousness
- Stubbornness, attention to detail, and poor hygiene
a. Obstinacy, orderliness, and parsimony
9. One of these four lists contains concepts from Freud’s topographic, structural and genetic models, in that order. Which is it?
- Unconscious, ego, and repression
- Unconscious, id, and reaction formation
- Preconscious, superego, and regression
- Preconscious, superfly, and fixation
c. Preconscious, superego, and regression
10. Neo-Freudians such as Erich Fromm and Karen Horney argued that …
- unconscious processes are unimportant
- Freud was wrong to emphasize intrapsychic conflict
- human motivations beyond sexuality and aggression must be recognized
- Freud was fundamentally correct on female sexual development
c. human motivations beyond sexuality and aggression must be recognized
11. As a general rule, contemporary psychoanalytic theory …
- pays more attention to interpersonal relationships
- does not rely on the concepts of psychic energy and instincts
- is relatively open to the findings of empirical psychology
- all of the above
d. All of the above
12. Critics of psychoanalytic inference argue that it is …
- too dependent on subjective interpretation
- too rigorous
- too focused on psychological validity
- too cautious
a. Too dependent on subjective interpretation
13. Which of the following is not a weakness of psychoanalytic evidence?
- Its subjectivity
- Its limited quantity
- Its vulnerability to suggestion
- Its lack of public availability
b. Its limited quantity
14. Psychoanalytic theory is NOT often criticized for which of the following?
- Being unfalsifiable
- Being unscientific
- Being deterministic
- Being simplistic
d. Being simplistic
15. Which of the following psychological ideas and research topics can arguably be traced back to psychoanalytic theorizing?
- Attachment style
- Implicit attitudes
- The psychology of motivation
- All of the above
d. All of the above