Short answer questions

Consider whether you can answer these questions to check your understanding of the chapter. Trying writing out answers to practice for your exams.

  1. Give an example of a pessimistic attribution for a romantic break-up and give three reasons why it would be likely to be destructive to a person who made it.

  2. Baumeister and colleagues have argued that high self-esteem has few, if any positive, effects, and that most of its associations with desirable outcomes are merely side-effects. If this is true, what implications does it have for efforts to improve self-esteem? Justify your conclusions.