SAGE Journal Articles
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Journal Article 1: Walby, K., & Carrier, N. (2010). The rise of biocriminology: Capturing observable bodily economies of ‘criminal man.’ Criminology and Criminal Justice, 10, 261–285.
Abstract: Revisiting the contributions of numerous foundational biocriminological works, this article uses the concept ‘bodily economies’ to analyze the emergence and solidification of criminological pathologizations of the bios dependent on the capture and analysis of human corporeal matter. The scholars we discuss (Lombroso, Ellis, Goring, Hooton, and the Gluecks) each causally equate some part of the body with inbuilt criminality. Through an exegesis of their work, we illustrate how the boundaries of the social body are constituted in and through corporeal capturings and classifications of ‘criminal man’. Our analysis investigates the biocriminological method of locating sources of criminality inside the body, which still permeates the new ‘science of criminals’ used as a tool to define and protect the social body. We conclude by discussing the renewed biocriminological interest in preventing criminality through forecasting it in various scientific constructs and visualizations of the inner body.
Journal Article 2: Ferrajoli, L. (2014). Two hundred and fifty years since the publication of On Crimes and Punishments: The currency of Cesare Beccaria’s thought. Punishment and Society, 16, 501–519.
Abstract: This essay highlights three aspects of the extraordinarily current relevance of Cesare Beccaria’s On Crimes and Punishments in the 250th year since its publication. The first aspect concerns criminal law, which Beccaria founded anew as a system of individual safeguards against the arbitrariness and excess of punishment – a normative model still largely to be realized today. The second aspect consists in the constituent character of Beccaria’s thought. Together with other Enlightenment thinkers, he paved the way for the political doctrine of limited public powers – the doctrine that would usher in, well beyond the boundaries of criminal law, the contemporary and still largely unaccomplished constitutionalism of legal safeguards and fundamental human rights. The third aspect of Beccaria’s relevance consists in the critical and propositional role he assigned to philosophical reflection vis-à-vis positive law, on the ground of its axiological foundations and a militant defence of the values inherent in the legal artifice.