Learning Objectives

After completing this chapter, students will be able to do the following:

15.1 Understand the multi-dimensions of sustainability— environmental and social

15.2 Understand the processes leading to greater urbanization

15.3 Analyze causes and consequences of problems of urbanization

15.4 Compare and contrast the concepts of megacities, global cities, and creative cities

15.5 Describe factors related to the fragility of cities

15.6 Describe the processes through which “slums” can be strengthened

15.7 Recognize the positive features of “slum” communities

15.8 Develop proposals to enhance the sustainability and resilience of cities