Learning Objectives

After completing this chapter, students should be able to do the following:

2.1 Document the trends in inequality of income and wealth among and within the globe, regions, and nations as well as among individuals

2.2 Evaluate the consequences of inequality and poverty for people’s life chances

2.3 Understand how globalization, historical, environmental, cultural, and geographic factors contribute to uneven development and inequality among countries

2.4 Distinguish developing countries from developed countries and know the basis on which they are classified

2.5 Understand the relationship between labor force participation in economic sectors and human development

2.6 Propose actions that international governmental organizations, the private sector, non-governmental organizations, and states can take to improve people’s life chances