Stats.org at George Mason University
This site explores the difference between correlation and causation, and discusses how both concepts may be misused in studies. It also considers the importance of ethics in controlled studies.
Journal of Epidemiological Community Health
This site takes students to an example research article which explores the concept of causation in epidemiology. The article provides consideration for defining causation in this line of research. The site also provides a useful resource for exploring other studies on this topic.
Washington State University
This website takes students to a WSU presentation on causation in criminology, exploring the history of theory development in this field of study.
Oregon Health and Science University
This website provides students with an example of causality in health research on Alzheimer’s Disease, where the Oregon Health and Science University examines the possibility that tau and amyloid-beta in the brain may cause cognitive decline.