Further Reading

Compton, W. M., & Volkow, N. D. (2006). Abuse of prescription drugs and the risk of addiction. Drug and Alcohol Dependence, 83, S4–S7.

Koob, G. F., & Volkow, N. D. (2010). Neurocircuitry of addiction. Neuropsychopharmacology, 35, 217–238.

Koob, G. F., Arends, M. A., & Le Moal, M. (2014). Drugs, addiction, and the brain. Academic Press.

Nutt, D. (2020). Drink?: The new science of alcohol and your health. Hodder & Stoughton.

Pisinger, C., & Døssing, M. (2014). A systematic review of health effects of electronic cigarettes. Preventive Medicine, 69, 248–260.

Sinha, R. (2008). Chronic stress, drug use, and vulnerability to addiction. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1141, 105–130.

Stewart, J. (2000). Pathways to relapse: The neurobiology of drug- and stress-induced relapse to drug-taking. Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience, 25, 125–136.

Volkow, N. D., Wang, G. J., Fowler, J. S., Tomasi, D., Telang, F., & Baler, R. (2010). Addiction: Decreased reward sensitivity and increased expectation sensitivity conspire to overwhelm the brain’s control circuit. Bioessays, 32, 748–755.

Volkow, N. D., Jones, E. B., Einsteinm, E. B., & Wargo, E. M. (2019). Prevention and treatment of opioid misuse and addiction: A review. Journal of the American Medical Association: Psychiatry, 76, 208–216.

Wise, R. A., & Koob, G. F. (2014). The development and maintenance of drug addiction. Neuropsychopharmacology, 39, 254–262.

The journal Nature, has provided a special issue that covers various aspects of addiction. The 10 brief papers and the video that appear at this site provide fascinating information regarding different aspects of the addiction process.