These activities can be conducted by oneself, or with small or large groups and are intended to attune the researcher to basic principles of coding, pattern development, categorization, and qualitative data analysis.


Birks, M., & Mills, J. (2015). Grounded theory: A practical guide (2nd ed.). London: Sage.

Saldaña, J. (2009). Popular film as an instructional strategy in qualitative research method courses. Qualitative Inquiry 15(1), 247-61.

Saldaña, J. (2015). Thinking qualitatively: Methods of mind. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.