Chapter 6: Elemental Coding Methods

Structural coding

Forber-Pratt, A. J. (2019). (Re)defining disability culture: Perspectives from the Americans with Disabilities Act generation. Culture & Psychology, 25(2), 241–256. 

Truscott, D., & Stenhouse, V. L. (online first, 2018). A mixed-methods study of teacher dispositions and culturally relevant teaching. Urban Education. 

Descriptive coding

Allen, H. W., & Paesani, K. (online first, 2020). Genre instruction, textual borrowing, and foreign language writing: Graduate teaching assistant perspectives and practices. Language Teaching Research. 

Kirkner, A., Lorenz, K., & Ulman, S. E. (online first, 2017). Recommendations for responding to survivors of sexual assault: A qualitative Study of Survivors and Support Providers. Journal of Interpersonal Violence. 

In vivo coding

Baral, N., & Pokharel, M. P. (2017). How sustainability is reflected in the S&P 500 companies’ strategic documents. Organization & Environment, 30(2), 122–141. 

Coles, J. A. (online first, 2020). A BlackCrit re/imagining of urban schooling social education through Black youth enactments of Black storywork. Urban Education. 

Process coding

Fox, S., & Comeau-Vallée, M. (online first, 2020). The negotiation of sharing leadership in the context of professional hierarchy: Interactions on interprofessional teams. Leadership. 

Harrington, B. (2018). Turning vice into virtue: Institutional work and professional misconduct. Human Relations, 72(9), 1464–1496. 

Initial coding

Kim, T. (2020). Becoming skillful leaders: American school principals’ transformative learning. Educational Management & Administration Leadership, 48(2), 353–378. 

Shepard-Carey, L. (online first, 2019). The inference-making of elementary emergent multilinguals: Access and opportunities for learning. Journal of Early Childhood Literacy. 

Concept coding

Cabiddu, F., Moreno, F., & Sebastiano, L. (2019). Toxic collaborations: Co-destroying value in the B2B context. Journal of Service Research, 22(3), 241–255. 

Clarke, J. S., & Holt, R. (2015). Vivienne Westwood and the ethics of consuming fashion. Journal of Management Inquiry, pp. 1–15. 

Further reading

Turner, J. L. (2020). Black mothering in action: The racial-class socialization practices of low-income Black single mothers. Sociology of Race and Ethnicity, 6(2), 242–253. 

Wachter, K., Heffron, L. C., & Dalpe, J. (online first, 2019). “Back home you just go talk to the family”: The role of family among women who seek help for intimate partner violence pre- and post resettlement to the United States. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.

Lochmiller, C. R. (2016). Examining administrators’ instructional feedback to high school math and science teachers. Educational Administration Quarterly, 52(1), 75–109. 

Vance, F. (2018). Understanding adolescents’ skill-building in the after-school context. Youth & Society, 50(7), 966–988.

Viteri, F., & Takahashi, B. (online first, 2019). Use of learning frames in climate change communication: A study of organizations in Latin America. International Communication Gazette. 

Godwin, E. E., Foster, V. A., & Keefe, E. P. (2013). Hurricane Katrina families: Social class and the family in trauma recovery. The Family Journal, 21(1), 15–27.

Sapkota, K. N., & Vander, J. (2018). Social media acceptance and usage by business communication faculty. Business and Professional Communication Quarterly, 81(3), 328–350. 

Weinstein, E. (2018). The social media see-saw: Positive and negative influences on adolescents’ affective well-being. New Media & Society, 20(10), 3597–3623. 

Hyett, N., Bagley, K., Iacono, T., McKinstry, C., Spong, J., & Landry, O. (2020). Evaluation of a codesign method used to support the inclusion of children with disability in mainstream schools. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 19.

Strong, Z. H., McMain, E. M., Frey, K. S., Wong, R. M., Dai, S., & Jin, G. (2020). Ethnically diverse adolescents recount third-party actions that amplify their anger and calm their emotions after perceived victimization. Journal of Adolescent Research, 35(4), 461–488.

Duchsherer, A., Jason, M., Platt, C. A., & Majdik, Z. P. (2020). Immunized against science: Narrative community building among vaccine refusing/hesitant parents. Public Understanding of Science, 29(4), 1–17. 

Glanzer, P. L., Hill, J. P., & Robinson, J. A. (2018). Emerging adults’ conceptions of purpose and the good life: A classification and comparison. Youth & Society, 50(6), 715–733. 

Saldaña, J. (2018). Researcher, analyze thyself. International Journal of Qualitative Methods.