Multiple Choice Quizzes
Take the quiz test your understanding of the key concepts covered in the chapter. Try testing yourself before you read the chapter to see where your strengths and weaknesses are, then test yourself again once you’ve read the chapter to see how well you’ve understood.
1. What is a primary difference between preferences and moods?
- Moods involve feelings
- Moods are more enduring
- Preferences are directed at a specified target
- Preferences are simply positive or negative
c. Preferences are directed at a specified target
2. When you ask someone how they feel right now, which is an unlikely response?
- Content and happy
- Blue and grouchy
- Quiet and still
- Surprised and quiet
d. Surprised and quiet
3. What is meant by a “positivity offset?”
- Positive stimuli capture more attention than negative stimuli
- Positivity is usually offset by a similar degree of negativity
- People expect things to be slightly positive most of the time
- People want to appear to have a positive outlook
c. People expect things to be slightly positive most of the time
4. What is meant by a “negativity bias?”
- Negative stimuli capture more attention than positive stimuli
- Negativity is usually offset by a similar degree of positivity
- People expect things to be slightly negative most of the time
- People want to appear to have a negative outlook
a. Negative stimuli capture more attention than positive stimuli
5. When analyzed separately, which emotions tend to have a more complex dimensional structure?
- Positive emotions
- Negative emotions
- Primary emotions
- Secondary emotions
b. Negative emotions
6. What characterizes the James-Lange view of emotion?
- Our physiological responses cause emotions
- Our emotions cause physiological responses
- Our physiological activity strengthens our emotions
- Our physiological activity weakens our emotions
a. Our physiological responses cause emotions
7. Which is a conditioned response?
- Romantic attraction
- Fear of robots
- Startle response
- None of the above
c. Startle response
8. What is a primary difference between excitation transfer theory and Schachter and Singer’s theory of emotion?
- Conscious awareness of arousal
- Physiological arousal
- Specific emotions felt
- All of the above
a. Conscious awareness of arousal
9. Which brain areas are involved in emotionally intense sensations?
- Medial prefrontal cortex
- Both A and B
d. Both A and B
10. In Mandler’s arousal-plus-mind theory, what produces the arousal that ends up being labeled as an emotion?
11. Berscheid applied the general logic from Mandler’s arousal-plus-mind theory to what context?
- Close relationships
a. Close relationships
12. Having low power is NOT associated with:
- Avoidant emotions
- Inhibited emotions
- Left-frontal activity
- Cortisol release
c. Left-frontal activity
13. Different people, or types of people, may have automatic affective tags built-in through prior experience. What theory describes this idea?
- Two-factor theory
- Schema-triggered affect
- Stereotype Content Model
- Complexity-extremity theory
b. Schema-triggered affect
14. What is a primary difference between Linville’s complexity-extremity and Tesser’s thought-polarization hypotheses?
- Complexity-extremity does not account for changes over time
- Thought-polarization predicts thought makes the schema simpler
- Thought-polarization requires public commitment
- Both B and C
d. Both B and C
15. Which of the following best describes what is meant by the term “preferences,” as used in psychology?
- Mild subjective pleasant or unpleasant reactions
- Choices made between various targets
- Emotional cues about certain stimuli
- None of the above
b. Choices made between various targets
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