The Role of Nongovernmental Organizations in Corporate Social Responsibility by Maria Joutsenvirta & Arno Kourula


  • Forest Stewardship Council (
    • A form private regulation in the area of sustainable forest management developed by an NGO.
  • Lifeworth (
    • An example of a CSR consultancy also dealing with cross-sector partnerships.
  • Partnership Resource Centre (
    • An academic center focusing on cross-sector partnerships based at the Rotterdam School of Management.
  • WWF (
    • An environmental NGO that emphasizes partnerships with businesses as an approach to develop sustainability.