Learning Objectives

Upon completion of Chapter 8, you should be able to describe

  • Basic principles associated with the experiential theories;
  • Rogers’ personality theory;
  • Rogers’ “if-then” approach;
  • The dynamics of helping clients move from dependence to independence;
  • How clients minimize anxiety by being integrated and centered in the now;
  • The “now I’m aware” technique and the “empty-chair” technique;
  • The use of “personal pronouns” to enhance clients’ awareness of choices and help them assume responsibility for their behavior;
  • How existential anxiety can be beneficial in everyday life;
  • Paradoxical intention as a treatment for anxiety;
  • Self-transcendence and the existential encounter;
  • The four phases of multimodality creative arts therapy and their use in counseling;
  • Brief models of experiential counseling; and
  • Diversity issues in experiential counseling theories.