SAGE Journal Articles

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Journal Article 1: Ellwanger, S. J. (2007). Strain, attribution, and traffic delinquency among young drivers: Measuring and testing general strain theory in the context of driving. Crime & Delinquency, 53, 523-551.

Abstract: This article enhances our knowledge of general strain theory (GST) by applying it to the context of traffic delinquency. It does so by first describing and confirming the development of a social–psychological measure allowing for a test of GST. Structural regression analysis is subsequently employed to test the theory within this context across a range of delinquent driving behaviors. Tests indicate that strain experienced while operating a motor vehicle consists of distinct contexts that when considered separately both enhance our understanding of GST and spell policy implications for state-directed interventions. Implications for future GST testing, measurement, and application are also discussed.

Journal Article 2: Mestrovic, S. G., & Lorenzo, R. (2008). Durkheim’s concept of anomie and the abuse at Abu Ghraib. Journal of Classical Sociology, 8, 179-207.

Abstract: Durkheim’s classical understanding of anomie as a societal condition of dérèglement or derangement is compared and contrasted with the functionalist understanding of anomie as normlessness. Assumptions are examined in the two different versions of anomie regarding culture, norms, agency, the international context, collective consciousness, military law, and other issues pertaining to abuse at Abu Ghraib prison in Iraq. Major General Fay’s report on the abuse at Abu Ghraib is analyzed in the context of this sociological scrutiny regarding the meanings of anomie. We conclude that Durkheim’s understanding of anomie seems to exhibit more fidelity than the Parsonian version to the facts concerning torture and abuse at Abu Ghraib as revealed during courts-martial and in government reports. We examine the implications for both social theory and the U.S. Army of conceptualizing abuse at Abu Ghraib in the context of Durkheim’s understanding of anomie.