Test you understanding of key chapter concepts by working through this quiz. You can check your answer by clicking on the arrow to the right or on what you think the correct answer is.  The correct answer will then be revealed to you for that question. 

1. Which of the following is not one of the ICD-10 diagnostic criteria for substance dependence?

  1. Strong desire or sense of compulsion to take the substance
  2. Difficulties in controlling substance-taking behaviour in terms of onset, termination, or levels of use
  3. Using the substance every day of the week
  4. Physiological withdrawal when substance use is ceased or reduced


Answer: C

c.  Using the substance every day of the week


2. Which of the following type of substance use problems is recognised in DSM 5?

  1. Substance abuse
  2. Substance use disorder
  3. Substance dependence
  4. Harmful substance use


Answer: B

b.  Substance use disorder


3. Classical conditioning is also known by which name?

  1. Operant
  2. Instrumental
  3. Skinnerian
  4. Pavlovian


Answer: D

d.  Pavlovian


4. How can we understand habitual behaviour in terms of learning theory?

  1. Pavlovian to Instrumental Transfer (PIT)
  2. Stimulus-Outcome-Response (S-O-R)
  3. Extinction
  4. Stimulus-Response (S-R)


Answer: D

d. Stimulus-Response (S-R)


5. What is the range of heritability estimates for substance use disorders?

  1. 0-5%
  2. 10-30%
  3. 30-70%
  4. 70-100%


Answer: C

c. 30-70%


6. Which of the following statements is false?

  1. A person with a family history of one type of substance use disorder is at increased risk of all types of substance use disorders
  2. We have a good understanding of the specific genes that transmit familial risk for substance use disorder
  3. There are shared heritable influences on initial experimentation with substances, and on the development of substance use disorder
  4. We have identified specific genes that are associated with the subjective response to alcohol


Answer: B

b. We have a good understanding of the specific genes that transmit familial risk for substance use disorder


7. All substances of abuse lead to the release of which neurotransmitter in the brain’s reward system?

  1. Dopamine
  2. Serotonin
  3. GABA
  4. Noradrenalin


Answer: A

a.  Dopamine


8. Which theorist proposed an influential automaticity or ‘habit’ theory of addiction?

  1. Berridge
  2. Tiffany
  3. Stacy
  4. Robinson


Answer: B

b.  Tiffany


9. According to dual-process theory, which cognitive ability may account for individual differences in the influence of automatic and controlled processes on substance use?

  1. Selective attention
  2. Recognition memory
  3. Working memory
  4. Depth perception


Answer: C

c.  Working memory


10. Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) belongs to which category of psychological treatments for substance use disorders?

  1. Motivational interviewing
  2. Cognitive behaviour therapy
  3. Psychotherapy
  4. Self-help groups


Answer: D

d. Self-help groups