Recommended key reading

Ertmer, P.A. and Newby, T.J. (1993) ‘Behaviorism, cognitivism, constructivism: comparing critical features from an instructional design perspective’, Performance Improvement Quarterly, 6 (4): 50–72.

Hirsch, D. (2007) Experiences of poverty and educational disadvantage. Joseph Rowntree Foundation. Available at

Moylett, H. (2006) ‘Supporting children’s development and learning’, in T. Bruce (ed.), Early childhood. London: Sage.

Woolfolk, A. (2010) Educational psychology (11th edn). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.