Recommended key reading

Collier, V.P. and Thomas, W.P. (1989) ‘How quickly can immigrants become proficient in school English?’, Educational Issues of Language Minority Students, 5.

Cummins, J. (2000) Language, power, and pedagogy: Bilingual children in the crossfire. Multilingual Matters.

Franson, C. (2009) Bilingualism and second language acquisition. Available at www.naldic.

Pellino, K. (2010) Effective strategies for teaching English language learners. Available at