Recommended key reading

Downey, C. and Kelly, A. (2010) ‘Value-added measures for schools in England: looking inside the “black box” of complex metrics’, Educational Assessment, Evaluation and Accountability, 22 (3): 181–98.

Fischer Family Trust (2014) Start with intelligent benchmarking, end with intelligent targets. Available at

National Governors’ Association (NGA) (2104) Knowing your school: RAISEonline for governors of primary schools. Available at