Suggested Further Reading

For a good overview of the gender differences in female and male offending and victimization,

  • chapters by Godfrey, Conley, Whitlock and Roth can be found in R. Gartner and B. McCarthy (eds) (2014) The Oxford Handbook of Gender Sex and Crime (Oxford University Press).

For work on women, crime and punishment, see

  • L. Zedner (1991) Women, Crime and Custody in Victorian England (Clarendon Press);
  • C. Walker (2003) Crime, Gender and Social Order in Early Modern England (Cambridge University Press);
  • S. D’Cruze and L. Jackson (2009) Women, Crime and Justice in England since 1660 (Palgrave Macmillan);
  • P. Cox (2003) Gender, Justice and Welfare: Bad Girls in Britain, 1900–1950 (Palgrave Macmillan).

For a compelling online dialogue on the history of prostitution, see

For those interested in masculinities and history, see

  • S. Broomhall and J. Van Gent (2011) Governing Masculinities in the Early Modern Period: Regulating Selves and Others (Ashgate);
  • Davies (2008) The Gangs of Manchester (Milo Books);
  • Emsley (2005) Hard Men: Violence in England since 1750 (Hamledon);
  • P. Spierenburg (1998) Men and Violence: Gender, Honour, and Rituals in Modern Europe and America (Ohio State University Press);
  • M. Wiener (2004) Men of Blood: Contesting Violence in Victorian England (Cambridge University Press).