SAGE Journal Articles

Giancola, P. R. & Tarter, R. E. (1999). Executive cognitive functioning and risk for substance abuse. Psychological Science, 10(3), 203-205.

This article examines executive cognitive functioning in children at risk of substance use disorder.


  1. Which cortical areas are involved in executive cognitive functioning?
  2. What causes children to be at a high risk of substance abuse disorder?
  3. To what extent does family history influence cognitive control in humans?

Liu, Y. & Wang, Z. (2014). Positive affect and cognitive control: Approach-motivation intensity influences the balance between cognitive flexibility and stability. Psychological Science, 1-8.

This article focuses on the use of a motivational dimensional model of affect on improving motivation intensity.


  1. What is the motivational dimensional model?
  2. How do cognitive processes mediate motivation?
  3. What do the authors mean by the attentional-set-paradigm?