SAGE Journal Articles

Jonides, J., Lacey, S. C., & Nee, D. E. (2005). Processes of working memory in mind and brain. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 14(1), 2-5.

This article discusses the processes of working memory in the learning process from a biological perspective.


  1. What is the difference between working memory and long-term memory?
  2. What is the role of working memory in encoding information into long-term memory?
  3. What refreshes working memory to keep information salient?

LaBar, K. S. (2007). Beyond fear: Emotional memory mechanisms in the human brain. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16(4), 173-177.

A research article discussing on the neurobiological mechanisms of fear-based memory.


  1. Which areas of the brain are involved in memory consolidation?
  2. In what ways are fear-based memories different from other memories?
  3. In what ways are unpleasant emotional events encoded differently than pleasant emotional events into long-term memory?