SAGE Journal Articles
Bastell, W. R. (2000). Augmentation: Synergistic conditioning in taste-aversion learning. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9(5), 164-168.
This study evaluates taste aversion in the context of classical conditioning. The author suggests that their results demonstrate a new phenomenon in classical conditioning, by showing that secondary cues are augmented when paired with a preconditioned gustatory cue.
- What is a preconditioned gustatory cue?
- Why is it important to note that the secondary cue is augmented when paired with the preconditioned gustatory cue?
- How do these findings influence our understanding of classical conditioning?
Hajcak, G. & Foti, D. (2008). Errors are aversive: Defensive motivation and the error related negativity. Psychological Science, 19(2), 103-108.
This is a research article evaluating the role of errors on learning and motivation from a biological perspective.
- What is error-related negativity?
- What is the role of the anterior cingulate cortex in cognitive and emotional processing?
- When is the defensive startle response strongest, in the context of this study?