Brinkmann and Kvale (2015) provide an exhaustive overview of the theory and craft of interviewing, while Stewart and Shamdasani (2015) provide a similarly comprehensive account of focus group discussions. For a good example of how standard interviewing practice might be modified to accommodate the needs of a specific group of interviewees, see Cridland et al.’s (2016) reflections and advice on conducting in-depth interviews with people with dementia.
Salmons (2016) probably offers the most complete account of conducting qualitative research online. Her book contains some discussion of online interviewing and of ethical issues arising from online research. Finally, Wilkerson et al. (2014) provide a very useful account of the decision-making processes underlying the use of interviews or focus group discussions in online and offline contexts; Davies et al. (2020) present a review of the relative strengths and weaknesses of online and face-to-face interviews on health and illness experiences, and Deakin and Wakefield (2014) offer interesting reflections on conducting interviews by Skype in their PhD work.
- Brinkmann, S. and Kvale, S. (2015) InterViews: Learning the Craft of Qualitative Research Interviewing. 3rd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Cridland, E.K., Phillipson, L., Brennan-Horley, C. and Swaffer, K. (2016) ‘Reflections and recommendations for conducting in-depth interviews with people with dementia’, Qualitative Health Research, 26(13): 1174–86.
- Davies, L., LeClair, K.L., Bagley, P., Blunt, H., Hinton, L., Ryan, S. and Ziebland, S. (2020) ‘Face-to-face compared with online collected accounts of health and illness experiences: A scoping reviews’, Qualitative Health Research, 30(13): 2092–2102.
- Deakin, H. and Wakefield, K. (2014) ‘Skype interviewing: Reflections of two PhD researchers’, Qualitative Research, 14(5): 603–16.
- Salmons, J. (2016) Doing Qualitative Research Online. London: SAGE.
- Stewart, D.W. and Shamdasani, P.N. (2015) Focus Groups: Theory and Practice. 3rd edn. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE.
- Wilkerson, J.M., Iantaffi, A., Grey, J.A., Bockting, W.O. and Rosser, B.S. (2014) ‘Recommendations for internet-based qualitative health research with hard-to-reach populations’, Qualitative Health Research, 24(4): 561–74.