Chapter 13: Interviews

Access this article and complete the following actions:

Bouras, G., Mexi-Bourna, P., Bournas, N., Christodoulou, C., Daskalaki, A., Tasiopoulou, I. and Poulios, A. (2013) ‘Mothers’ expectations and other factors affecting breastfeeding at six months in Greece’, Journal of Child Health Care, 17: 387.

This article looks at a breastfeeding study which uses interviews within a positivist paradigm. The research was conducted in Greece.

Bouras et al. (2013) comment that although the World Health Organization recommends that babies should be exclusively breast fed until the age of 6 months, in Greece, as with many other countries in the minority world, it is a small minority of babies that are exclusively breast fed for this long. The article describes research designed to reveal some of the factors that influence mothers’ decisions about how to feed their babies.

  • Read through the abstract and the conclusion. This will give you a good idea of the research and help you put things in context when you read the whole article.
  • Read through the introduction. What are the advantages of breastfeeding? Despite the WHO recommendations, many mothers do not exclusively breastfeed until the age of 6 months. What factors that influence mothers’ decisions about feeding have been suggested?
  • What is the aim of the study?
  • Read through the ‘Materials and methods’ section.
  • Read through the statistical section. Don’t worry if you don’t understand statistics, you will be able to find out the results when they are discussed. The important point here is that the data from the structured interviews have been reduced to numerical data and subjected to statistical analysis. This is a quantitative analysis and suggests that the researchers are operating within a positivist paradigm.
    • Read through the discussion section and list the main findings.
    • The conclusion looks at the implications of the findings and makes suggestions to improve the numbers of mothers who exclusively breast feed until 6 months. What recommendations have been made?