Chapter 5: Beyond positivism: Interpretivism, ‘critical’ theories, post-structuralism and post-humanism

Test your understanding of each chapter by taking the quiz below. Click anywhere on the question to reveal the answer. Good luck!

1. Which statement is difference between positivism and interpretivism?

  1. Research underpinned by a positivist paradigm does not need to meet as high ethical standards as research conducted within an interpretivist paradigm
  2. Research underpinned by an interpretivist paradigm is more likely to collect quantitative data than research underpinned by the positivist paradigm
  3. Interpretive research is less likely than positivist research to produce findings that are generalizable
  4. Interpretive research involves the strict control of variables, whereas positivist research is more likely to be conducted in ‘natural environments’ where variables are harder to control

Ans: C

2.  Which statement is least likely to be correct?

  1. Qualitative methodology is based on paradigms which suggest that there is no ‘one truth’ to be discovered and that the ‘truth’ is often multifaceted and can depend upon the context of the research and the different way people interpret situations
  2. Qualitative methodology often involves looking at the ideas and perceptions of a small group of participants
  3. Qualitative research is usually conducted in a ‘natural’ environment rather than in a laboratory setting
  4. Qualitative research always involves testing the truth of a hypothesis

Ans: D

3. Triangualism is:

  1. A term used to denote the way that combining methodologies, methods, different researchers and different theories can help the researcher to arrive at a reasonably clear understanding of their research area
  2. A term used to describe research which only involves three participants
  3. A term used to describe a piece of research involving three different data collecting methods
  4. Mainly used in positive research to ensure that the research question is investigated in at least three different ways, in order to get an all-round understanding of the subject area

Ans: A