SAGE Journal Articles

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SAGE Journal User Guide

Article 1:

Howell, K. H., Miller, L. E., Lilly, M. M., Burlaka, V., Grogan-Kaylor, A. C., & Graham-Bermann, S. A. (2014). Strengthening Positive Parenting Through Intervention Evaluating the Moms’ Empowerment Program for Women Experiencing Intimate Partner Violence. Journal of interpersonal violence, 0886260514533155.


This study examined the effectiveness of an evidence-based intervention in changing the positive and negative parenting practices of 120 mothers who experienced intimate partner violence (IPV) in the last 2 years. Mothers assigned to the treatment group participated in a 10-session evidence based intervention, known as the Moms' Empowerment Program, which targets the mental health problems of women and works to increase access to resources and improve parenting abilities of women exposed to IPV.

Questions to consider:

  1. Describe how parenting and child rearing may be affected by Intimate Partner Violence.
  2. What are some benefits and challenges of completing this intervention in a group setting?
  3. How does a strengths and education based model fit with your theoretical framework and accomplish the goals set forth in this study? Discuss.

Article 2:

Azad, G., Blacher, J., & Marcoulides, G. (2014). Longitudinal models of socio-economic status Impact on positive parenting behaviors. International Journal of Behavioral Development38(6), 509-517.


Parenting research is frequently conducted without a thorough examination of socio-economic characteristics. In this study, longitudinal observations of positive parenting were conducted across six time points. Participants were 219 mothers of children with and without developmental delays. Mothers’ positive parenting increased during early and middle childhood in children with and without developmental delays. Mothers who reported more education had significantly higher levels of positive parenting when their children were 3 years old. Mothers who reported more family income grew at a significantly faster rate in positive parenting. There was preliminary support that mothers with more income were more likely to be members of a class that started off and remained at a higher level of positive parenting over time. Implications are discussed.

Questions to consider:

  1. How is positive parenting related to demographic factors like education and socioeconomic status?
  2. Discuss an social justice implications for these findings within and outside of the counseling field.
  3. As a counseling professional, what steps could you take to promote positive parent behaviors?