Chapter Summary

This chapter contains some of the skills most essential to becoming an effective therapist. In fact, you must learn these skills as a foundation for helping clients. We have covered the use of questions, including what good and bad questions are and the frequency with which to use them. We have discussed the process of reflecting content and feelings; this skill is of the utmost importance. We have exposed you to information on how to explore the past as part of the initial stages of therapy. Finally, we have summarized summarizing in therapy. As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, you will find the greatest use for these skills early in the therapeutic process, but you will use them until the last moment with every client of your career. Reflecting is especially essential to demonstrating empathy, to enhancing client awareness, and to strengthening the collaborative relationship. Practice, practice, practice.