Click on the following links. Please note these will open in a new window.
- The University of South Florida Free Association Norms for thousands of words (Nelson, McEvoy, & Schreiber, 1998). Thousands of participants wrote down the first associated thing that comes to mind give a word prompt, like “book - _________”. Try creating your own semantic network, and then see how your own associations compare with the norms.
- Lexical frequency database for American English, SUBTLEXus – download and unzip the Excel or text file, and then search for a particular word. For a standard of comparison, column 6 shows the number of times that word appears per 1 million. Try “megalomaniac.” There is also a page for some Chinese word frequencies.
- The English Lexicon Project – a large database where you can create lists of words and nonwords with particular properties (e.g., nouns 3-5 letters long), or use existing lexical decision time data for particular words or nonwords.
- A chapter on speech errors and what they appear to reveal from a psychoanalytic viewpoint. From Sigmund Freud’s (1901) The Psychopathology of Everyday Life, Classics in the History of Psychology website, Editor, Christopher D. Green.
- Dothraki is an invented, artificial language that the linguist David J. Peterson created for the series Game of Thrones, which now has a vocabulary around 3,000 words. Other examples include Klingon from Star Trek (Marc Okrand), with many speakers and writers around the world. There are also several languages invented by writers in fiction, such as J. R. R. Tolkein.