SAGE Journal Articles

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SAGE Journal User Guide

Integrative Confusion: An Examination of Integrative Models in Couple and Family Therapy

Robert L. Smith and Stephen Southern

The article explores the definition and application of integrative approaches to counseling in the context of couple and family therapy. 


  1. Describe briefly the advantages that you perceive in applying an integrative theoretical framework?  What are the disadvantages?
  2. What challenges exist in defining integrative counseling models, and how do these challenges contribute to what is referred to as integrative confusion?
  3. Define what is meant by integrative problem solving therapy and provide an example of a case where you would consider implementing this approach.

Practice for a Paradigm Shift : A Complete Model for an Integrative Course

Camille DeBell

Consistent with the paradigm shift advocated by the articles in this issue, this article introduces a client conceptualization model for vocational and a vocational choice, entry, and adjustment that can be used to structure an integrative, contextual course in counseling psychology. An overviewof the use of models in vocational psychology is presented, as well as a detailed description and visual representation of the present Model. Suggestions are made for integrative and traditional pedagogy, and resource materials are cited. Evaluative data indicate that earlier versions of the Model have been well received by students and others with whom it has been used. These data are discussed, and suggestions for researching the utility of the Model are made.

  1. Describe the use of models and theories in counseling?  How do they support the counselor and counseling process?  What are some of the misperceptions about models and theories that exist?
  2. Examine the framework of the 5 Circles presented in this new model.  What theories support each of these circles?  What areas are omitted from this model that you would encourage practitioners to consider while implementing the model?
  3. The author proposes that the model presented can be applied in contexts beyond career development.  Cite several other presenting concerns that this model could be implemented (or adjusted and implemented) to address.