Multiple choice quiz

Quizzes are available to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in each chapter. Click on the arrows next to each question to view the answer.

1. Neurotransmitters are activated in response to stress in order to:

  1. Encourage effective coping
  2. Attenuate the psychological effect of the stressor
  3. Prepare an individual to adapt to the challenge
  4. Allow appraisals of the event
  5. All of the above


e. All of the above

2. Monoamines collectively refer to:

  1. Acetylcholine, Serotonin, Epinephrine
  2. Norepinephrine, Dopamine, Serotonin
  3. Dopamine, Acetylcholine, Epinephrine
  4. Serotonin, Oxytocin, Norepinephrine
  5. Dopamine, Corticosterone, Norepinephrine


b. Norepinephrine, Dopamine, Serotonin

3. Utilization of a neurotransmitter refers to:

  1. Synthesis
  2. Release
  3. Allostasis
  4. Production
  5. None of the above


b. Release

4. If the utilization of a neurotransmitter exceeds synthesis, _______.

  1. An increase in neurotransmitter availability will occur
  2. Homeostasis will occur
  3. A decrease in neurotransmitter availability will occur
  4. The organism will be more equipped to deal with the stressor
  5. The availability of the neurotransmitter will not change


c. A decrease in neurotransmitter availability will occur

5. An earlier stressor encourages an exaggerated response to cocaine; this is known as:

  1. Sensitization
  2. Desensitization
  3. Cross-Sensitization
  4. Amplification
  5. Synergism


c. Cross-Sensitization

6. An example of a drug that can have powerful anti-depressant effects within a very brief time (hours) is:

  1. Fluoxetine
  2. Prozac
  3. Citalopram
  4. Effexor
  5. Ketamine


e. Ketamine

7. The coordinated appearance of this neurotransmitter’s receptor subunits are altered in response to chronic stressors:

  1. GABA
  2. Glutamate
  3. Serotonin
  4. CRH
  5. Cortisol



8. This disorder is marked by blunted cortisol release:

  1. Depression
  2. Generalized anxiety
  3. Drug addiction
  4. Obesity
  5. PTSD



9. Upon chronic exposure to the same stressor, a/an _______ effect may occur:

  1. Sensitized
  2. Adaptation
  3. Synergistic
  4. Additive
  5. None of the above


b. Adaptation

10. Depressed women who experienced abuse when they were young, displayed _______ in response to the TSST:

  1. Attenuated cortisol responses
  2. Exaggerated HPA responses
  3. Attenuated ACTH responses
  4. Exaggerated GABA responses
  5. Exaggerated glutamate responses


b. Exaggerated HPA responses