Multiple choice quiz
Quizzes are available to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in each chapter. Click on the arrows next to each question to view the answer.
1. Which of the following is used in the treatment of cancer?
- Time-limited therapy
- Episode of care
- Enhanced therapy
- Continuing care
- Supplemental therapy
d. Continuing care
2. Which of the following statements concerning harm reduction programs for chronic drug users is false?
- Opioid replacement therapies (replacing heroin with drugs such as methadone or buprenorphine) help reduce drug craving and therefore reduce drug use
- Harm reduction programs have had no effect on emergency room visits due to drug use
- Heroin maintenance programs that provide medical prescriptions for heroin and ‘safe sites’ for injections show a decrease in risk associated with the use of the drug.
- A disadvantage of harm reduction programs is that they suggest a tolerance for risky or illegal behaviour and sends the message that this behaviour is acceptable
- A disadvantage of harm reduction programs is that they suggest that there is a responsible way of using drugs and that drug use is unpreventable
b. Harm reduction programs have had no effect on emergency room visits due to drug use
3. Which one of these would be considered a universal prevention strategy?
- Vaccination programs for school-aged children
- Mental exercise programs for people with early dementia
- Insulin injections for children with diabetes
- Safe sites for needle users
- Art therapy for returning soldiers
a. Vaccination programs for school-aged children
4. As of 2014, the National Cancer Institute has been recommending mammograms for women between _______.
- 18 and 93 years old
- 30 and 82 years old
- 40 and 74 years old
- 45 and 70 years old
- 50 and 75 years old
c. 40 and 74 years old
5. Meredith has undergone a mammogram and was told that she does not have breast cancer. However, she does. The results of the test represents a:
- Correct rejection
- False alarm
- False positive
- False negative
e. False negative
6. Which of these is not a myth/bias concerning screening for illnesses?
- Screening is 100% accurate
- Early detection always leads to a better prognosis
- The length bias
- People who are screened for an illness have a better prognosis than people who aren’t screened
- Physician recommendations can be influential in predicting screening behavior
e. Physician recommendations can be influential in predicting screening behavior
7. Which of these is not a factor that insurance companies take into account when they assess a person’s health risks?
- Life style
- Demographic features
- Marital status
- Presence of particular polymorphisms
- Basic physiological data
d. Presence of particular polymorphisms
8. Alex’s mom asks him to wear a helmet when he goes roller blading. Alex assumes that this means that he can go faster and speeds down every hill he encounters. While doing so, he hits a bump in the road and is propelled forward, breaking his arm. This is an example of the:
- Unintended consequences
- Peltzman effect
- Unexpected drawbacks
- Perverse results
- Unanticipated benefits
b. Peltzman effect
9. Women tend to live longer than men. Which one of these is not a possible reason for this?
- Women are more willing to have an annual health check
- Biological influences
- Women are exposed to fewer risks in the workplace and at home
- Women are more likely to be screened for gender-specific illnesses
- Social support is sought more readily by women
c. Women are exposed to fewer risks in the workplace and at home
10. What term used when an individual changes their internal monologue so as to frame thoughts in a positive or constructive manner?
- Cognitive restructuring
- Positive reframing
- Negative reframing
a. Cognitive restructuring