Multiple choice quiz

Quizzes are available to test your understanding of the key concepts covered in each chapter. Click on the arrows next to each question to view the answer.

1. Type 1 diabetes is primarily treated with:

  1. Diet and exercise
  2. Stress management
  3. Insulin injection
  4. Sleep and exercise
  5. Insulin capsules


c. Insulin injection

2. Type 1 diabetes is:

  1. An autoimmune disorder
  2. More prevalent in males than in females
  3. Caused by bacterial infections
  4. Determined by ratios of gut bacteria
  5. Caused by absence of vitamin D


a. An autoimmune disorder

3. Polyphagia refers to:

  1. Weight loss
  2. Elevated hunger and eating
  3. Frequent urination
  4. Elevated thirst
  5. Increased blood sugar levels


b. Elevated hunger and eating

4. Type 2 diabetes:

  1. Is caused by a reduction of beta cells
  2. Is associated with decreased fasting glucose levels
  3. Involves an overabundance of insulin
  4. Is caused by viral infections
  5. May involve insulin resistance


e. May involve insulin resistance

5. Diabetes occurs relatively frequently in:

  1. Scandinavian countries
  2. China
  3. Western Europe
  4. Japan
  5. Sardinia


a. Scandinavian countries

6. A genetic variant, ADRA2A, is linked to type 2 diabetes. It involves the overexpression of which receptor?

  1. Serotonin
  2. Insulin
  3. Epinephrine
  4. Dopamine
  5. Norepinephrine


c. Epinephrine

7. A mutation in the gene SLC30A8 is associated with:

  1. Decreased risk for type 1 diabetes
  2. Increased risk for type 2 diabetes
  3. Increased risk for type 1 diabetes
  4. Decreased risk for type 2 diabetes
  5. Increased risk for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes


d. Decreased risk for type 2 diabetes

8.  Consumption of fish oils has been suggested to lower the risk of type 2 diabetes through actions on:

  1. Glucose reuptake
  2. Browning of white fat
  3. Inflammatory processes
  4. Insulin release
  5. Beta cell functioning


c. Inflammatory processes

9. Inflammatory factors:

  1. Cause metabolic syndrome
  2. Are released in response to decreasing visceral fat
  3. Directly cause type 2 diabetes
  4. Directly cause type 1 diabetes
  5. May impair pancreatic beta cell functioning


e. May impair pancreatic beta cell functioning

10. With regards to leukotriene B4 (LTB4):

  1. Decreases in this factor occur in response to excessive fat
  2. Mice engineered to lack the LTB4 receptor did not exhibit metabolic disturbances
  3. Chronic release of this factor may promote metabolic syndrome in overweight individuals
  4. Mice treated with a LTB4 agonist exhibited improved metabolic health
  5. Transient release of this factor promotes metabolic syndrome in obese individuals


b. May impair pancreatic beta cell functioning