Key Points

  • Gender discrimination and inequality is as much about the roles women and men play in society as it is about prejudice and bias.
  • The assumption that Scotland is a particularly chauvinist society is often asserted, and less reliably proven.
  • While women in Scotland are more likely than men to emphasise their household and gender roles as key to their social identity, they are just as likely to say they are Scottish.
  • Economic and social inequalities based on gender are deeply resistant to change, especially where they operate in the domestic sphere.
  • Political and constitutional change, notably the creation of a Scottish parliament, has altered the ways politics and gender are done in Scotland.