Key Points

  • ‘Race’ and ethnicity are terms in common currency in popular discussion as well as academic debate, but have different significations in each.
  • Debates about Scottishness, as well as Englishness and Britishness, have particular implications for issues of ‘race’ and ethnicity.
  • Ethnic minorities in Scotland are, by and large, more likely to say that they are Scottish than equivalents in England, but more claim to be British in both countries.
  • Non-white people are less likely to have their claims to be Scottish accepted than white people, but nevertheless, ‘Scottish’ is treated as a more inclusive category than ‘English’.
  • ‘Race’ and ethnicity in Scotland are not pale imitations of those in England, but are constructed and maintained within different cultural and political frameworks.