Multiple Choice Questions
1. Why is it important for children to interact with their immediate environment?
- because it allows them to communicate with others
- because it allows them to learn language
- because it allows them to develop new skills
- because it allows them to make mistakes
2. What does scaffolding allow children to do?
- appreciate social context and learn skills
- explore their environment
- make friends
- none of these
3. How did Piaget describe children?
- Like little adventurers
- Like small explorers
- Like little philosophers
- Like small scientists
4. Which of the following statements is TRUE: According to Piaget, children
- must complete each stage but in any order
- can miss some stages but must meet the last one
- must complete all stages by the time they are 5
- must complete all the stages in the same order
5. Piaget’s theory focusses on children developing what?
- mental representations
- cognitive schemas
- theory of mind
6. Piaget's first stage occurs before school age. But which of the following is established at the end of this stage?
- symbolic thought
- mental maps
- spatial awareness
- none of these
7. What is object permanency?
- the ability to reach out and grab an object
- the ability to name an object
- the ability to know that not seeing an object does not mean it does not exist
- the ability to know that the object has a specific function in the environment
8. When children have an awareness of the world around them and are rapidly developing language skills, they are entering which stage?
- the concrete operational
- the sensorimotor
- the preoperational
- the formal operational
9. If a child is egocentric, which of the following behaviour would he/she exhibit?
- they are focussed on the actions of others
- they are focussed on themselves
- they want to understand others’ reactions
- they are only interested in their primary caregiver
10. What do children struggle to do in the concrete operational stage?
- complete conservation tasks
- understand the feelings of others
- understand abstract ideas
- all of these
11. Which of the following is a general criticism of Piaget's work?
- his work had little evidence to support it
- he did not take into account social influences
- his statistics were flawed
- he overanalyzed his results
12. What did Vygotsky say social speech was?
- the way children talk to those the same age
- the way children talk to the those who are older
- simply talking to others
- talking about social problems
13. Vygotsky considered language to be
- a cultural tool
14. What does ZPD stand for?
- Zoo's Panda Department
- Zone of Proximal Development
- Zoe's Properly Drunk
- Zone of Philosophical Distance
15. The LAD was claimed to be
- an area of the brain pre-programmed to learn language
- an area of the brain where language is stored
- a device that made learning more than one language in childhood possible
- a device that allowed children to experiment with new words
16. Lenneberg (1967) proposed that there is a critical period for language learning, but when was this critical period theorized to end?
- before 5 years old
- before 10 years old
- before puberty
- before adulthood
17. Which cognitive skill is involved in learning to read?
- mental representation
- theory of mind
- spoken language
18. Reading is
- an artificial activity that requires explicit teaching
- an evolutionary adaptation
- an innate skill that all humans can act upon at any time
- a waste of time
19. What is phonological awareness?
- a knowledge of language
- a knowledge of music
- a knowledge of words
- a knowledge of sounds
20. What are the three levels of phonological awareness?
- syllables, words, sentences
- sounds, pitch, tone
- syllables, rhymes, phonemes
- depth, speed, rhythm
21. An awareness of all three levels of phonological awareness emerges by what age?
- 3–4 years old
- 4–5 years old
- 5–6 years old
- 6–7 years old
22. Which of the following is TRUE?
- phoneme skills are strong predictors of reading success
- phoneme skills have no bearing on reading success
- phoneme skills are strong predictors of vocabulary size
- phoneme skills aid in the development of grammar
23. Which TWO of the following are used to promote reading?
- synthetic phonics
- analytic phonics
- rhyme phonics
- syllable phonics
Answer: A & B
24. Children form two distinct types of relationships with their peers during the school years. What are they?
- imaginary and real
- companionship and intimate
- prosocial and antisocial
- inanimate and animate
25. Which of the following best fits the following sentence?
Girls tend to have ______ group of close peers compared to ______, as well as having more intimacy, prosocial support and ______ with their same-gender peers than ______.
- a smaller, boys, companionship, boys
- a larger, adults, arguments, men
- an older, boys, intelligence, women
- a wider, adults, emotionality, boys