Multiple Choice Questions

1. The study of mental distress is known as

  1. psychosomatics
  2. psychoanalytics
  3. psychopathology
  4. psychodynamics

Answer: C

2. The term ‘abnormal psychology’ refers to which of the following?

  1. the psychological study of people who are fundamentally odd
  2. psychological research carried out using highly unconventional methods
  3. psychology relating to atypical patterns of thoughts, feelings and behaviours
  4. the more obscure areas of psychology that relate to topics such as what sheep think about

Answer: C

3. Which of the statements regarding the difference between structured and unstructured interviews is wrong?

  1. structured interviews guarantee consistency throughout interviewing different individuals
  2. unstructured interviews require more preparation time than structured interviews
  3. unstructured interviews are more open to interpretations compared to structured ones
  4. structured interviews can limit the client’s answers

Answer: B

4. What is NOT a form of clinical observation?

  1. interviewing
  2. self-monitoring
  3. assessing clients in their homes
  4. assessing clients outside of their home

Answer: A

5. The diagnosis of mental illness is generally carried out by which of the following?

  1. a clinical psychologist
  2. a counsellor
  3. a psychiatric nurse
  4. a psychiatrist

Answer: D

6. Which of the following is NOT a part of the mind, according to Freud’s psychoanalytic theory?

  1. the superego
  2. the subego
  3. the id
  4. the ego

Answer: B

7. A new client comes into the office and tells you about experiencing excessive anxiety, restlessness, muscle tension and having headaches almost every day. She also tells you she has trouble sleeping and can’t concentrate at work. From the disorders described in the chapter, which one sounds the most logical?

  1. major depressive disorder
  2. social phobia
  3. schizophrenia
  4. generalized anxiety disorder

Answer: D

8. What is NOT a positive symptom of schizophrenia?

  1. delusions
  2. avolition
  3. disorganized thinking and speech
  4. hallucinations

Answer: B

9. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) often focusses on which of the following?

  1. repressed memories
  2. genetic predisposition to mental illness
  3. traumatic incidents in childhood
  4. problematic ways of thinking

Answer: D

10. According to Kirkbride et al. (2012), the prevalence of schizophrenia in the UK is

  1. 15 in 1,000
  2. 15 in 10,000
  3. 15 in 100,000
  4. 15 in 1,000,000

Answer: C