Multiple Choice Questions
1. What does the biopsychosocial model NOT postulate?
- that there is a single cause to a disease
- health and illness have many causes
- that there are connections between mental events and biological changes
- that infectious diseases have been replaced by chronic diseases
2. The HBM is short for which of the following?
- the Health Behaviour Model
- the Harfatum Bilateral Mechanism
- the Health Belief Model
- the Higher Behavioural Mechanism
3. In 1946, the World Health Organization defined health as
- a physical state of heightened activity and nourishment and a social state of gregariousness
- a mental state of fulfilment and wholesomeness derived from physical exercise and social engagement
- a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
- a mindfulness of one’s physical and mental existence through thoughtful reflection.
4. When the body is in a state of internal stability, it is said to be in a state of
5. Hans Selye identified a general set of changes that the body goes through in response to a stressor. This is known as the
- general adaptation syndrome
- transtheoretical model
- allostatic load
- homeostatic response
6. The body's main stress hormone is
7. Lazarus and Folkman (1984) describe coping as consisting of two types, namely
- problem-avoidance coping and emotion-avoidance coping
- emotional-resilience coping and social support seeking
- positive reappraisal and negative reappraisal
- problem-focussed and emotion-focussed coping
8. What are the heritability rates of the body mass index?
9. What is neuralgia?
- a pain with no obvious physical injury
- a sharp pain along a nerve pathway
- a pain with no obvious physical injury and a sharp pain along a nerve pathway
- a burning pain
10. What were McGowan et al.’s (1998) findings when they explored the personal and psychological factors influencing the experience of pain?
- in women with pelvic pain, there is a correlation between their anxiety and the strength of their pain
- in men with pelvic pain, there is a correlation between their anxiety and the strength of pain
- women are more disturbed by low-level pain that lasts several days
- women found postsurgical pain more intense than men