Multiple Choice Questions

1. What does the biopsychosocial model NOT postulate?

  1. that there is a single cause to a disease
  2. health and illness have many causes
  3. that there are connections between mental events and biological changes
  4. that infectious diseases have been replaced by chronic diseases

Answer: A

2. The HBM is short for which of the following?

  1. the Health Behaviour Model
  2. the Harfatum Bilateral Mechanism
  3. the Health Belief Model
  4. the Higher Behavioural Mechanism

Answer: C

3. In 1946, the World Health Organization defined health as

  1. a physical state of heightened activity and nourishment and a social state of gregariousness
  2. a mental state of fulfilment and wholesomeness derived from physical exercise and social engagement
  3. a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity
  4. a mindfulness of one’s physical and mental existence through thoughtful reflection.

Answer: C

4. When the body is in a state of internal stability, it is said to be in a state of

  1. resistance
  2. allostasis
  3. homeostasis
  4. alarm

Answer: C

5. Hans Selye identified a general set of changes that the body goes through in response to a stressor. This is known as the

  1. general adaptation syndrome
  2. transtheoretical model
  3. allostatic load
  4. homeostatic response

Answer: A

6. The body's main stress hormone is

  1. ACTH
  2. cortisol
  3. epinephrine
  4. norepinephrine

Answer: B

7. Lazarus and Folkman (1984) describe coping as consisting of two types, namely

  1. problem-avoidance coping and emotion-avoidance coping
  2. emotional-resilience coping and social support seeking
  3. positive reappraisal and negative reappraisal
  4. problem-focussed and emotion-focussed coping

Answer: D

8. What are the heritability rates of the body mass index?

  1. 20%–30%
  2. 50%–70%
  3. 40%–70%
  4. 10%–20%

Answer: C

9. What is neuralgia?

  1. a pain with no obvious physical injury
  2. a sharp pain along a nerve pathway
  3. a pain with no obvious physical injury and a sharp pain along a nerve pathway
  4. a burning pain

Answer: B

10. What were McGowan et al.’s (1998) findings when they explored the personal and psychological factors influencing the experience of pain?

  1. in women with pelvic pain, there is a correlation between their anxiety and the strength of their pain
  2. in men with pelvic pain, there is a correlation between their anxiety and the strength of pain
  3. women are more disturbed by low-level pain that lasts several days
  4. women found postsurgical pain more intense than men

Answer: A