Test you understanding of key chapter concepts by working through this quiz. You can check your answer by clicking on the arrow to the right or on what you think the correct answer is. The correct answer will then be revealed to you for that question.
1. Much of the theorizing in psychology implicitly deals with the question of what makes us who we are. Some argue we are the way we are because of genetics, and others say it is because of our learning and environment. This debate is commonly known as the ____________ debate.
- Nature versus Nurture
- Biology versus Psychology
- Who versus What
- All of the above
2. What is the term that reflects the belief that humans naturally behave in hedonistic ways to ensure their genes prevail over their competitors?
- The survival of the fittest
- The survival of the fastest
3. _________ are desirable goals, varying in importance, which serve as guiding principles in people’s lives?
4. Which of the following is NOT characteristic of values?
- Values serve as guiding principles in people lives
- Values can create tension between subjective values and societies values
- Values are transituational
- Values are easy to change to suit the situation
5. What is the ‘tension’ relating to values highlighted by Aronson (1960) ___________?
- Human are social animals living in a state of tension between values associated with their individuality and values associates with social conformance
- Human are social animals that control tension because they create values to establish norms of how to get along as individuals and as a society
- Human are social animals that use values as the building blocks of their culture, and so use culture to control tension
- All of the above
6. What does it mean to say values are ‘continuous’?
- That our values go on forever
- That values overlap
- That values never change
- All of the above
7. What is meant by the term ‘value priorities’?
- That we only ever behave in ways consistent with those values important to us
- That we should constantly re-evaluate which values are important to us
- That our values are ordered in terms of their importance to us in guiding us through life
- That we change which values are important to us to suit the situation we find ourselves in
8. Which of the following is NOT a ‘Big Five’ personality factor?
- Emotional stability
9. What does Alfred Bandura mean by the term reciprocal determinism?
- Personality is already determined when we are born, and so it shapes how we view and interact with our environment
- Personality is determined by our behavior, our thoughts and feelings, in interaction with our environment
- Personality is the result of the environment, and only the environment can determine a persons personality
- Both b and c
10. The tendency to project emotions into the future and to over generalize the intensity of the emotion to be felt is known as _____________
- Impact Bias
- Anxiety Bias
- Affective Bias
- Social Bias
11. The process of receiving, attending to, processing, storing, and using stimuli to understand and make sense of our world is known as _________
12. Structures of meaning that affect thinking, planning and behavior concerning others are referred to as _______
- Role Schemas
- Self Schemas
- Person Schemas
- Others Schemas
13. The process of grouping objects into simplistic categories based on one’s generalized perceptions of those objects
14. The process by which a person who holds a belief or expectation, irrespective of its validity, causes it to come true because they behave and act as if it is true is know as the _________
- Affective Forecast
- Cognitive Dissonance
- Self-Fulfilling Prophecy
- Wishful thinking syndrome
15. Which of the following would not be an example of System 1 thinking
- Solving the equation 2+2=4
- I must learn to make a chocolate soufflé
- I am asked whether I would like chocolate or coffee
- I am asked whether I should cut class and go to a movie instead