Multiple Choice Questions
1. Tax revenue from tobacco products in the UK reached ______ in 2012/13.
- £12.3 billion
- £2.3 billion
- £6.3 billion
- £8.3 billion
2. In Britain it was estimated that the prevalence of smoking among men reached almost ______ during the 40s and 50s (Wald et al., 1988).
3. The WHO report in 2013 estimated that tobacco will kill as many as ______ people this century if the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control is not implemented rapidly.
- 2 billion
- 1 billion
- half a billion
- quarter of a billion
4. Cigarette smoking accounts for ______ deaths in the UK, nearly 1 of every 5 deaths.
5. ‘If the last ten years have taught us anything, it is that the industry is dominated by the companies who respond most to the needs of ______ smokers’ (Imperial Tobacco, Canada, cited by ASH, 2010).
6. The biological theory of smoking make the assumption that ______.
- tobacco contains nicotine, an addictive substance
- nicotine activates brain circuits that regulate feelings of pleasure, the ‘reward pathways’ of the brain
- nicotine increases the amounts of the neurotransmitter dopamine
- all of these
7. The psychological theory of smoking assumes that smoking ______.
- is a learned habit
- looks cool
- moderates anxiety
- all of these
8. A person who smokes 30 cigarettes daily gets over ______ nicotine hits a year.
9. Ikard et al. (1969) conducted a survey of a national (U.S.) probability sample. In a factor analysis of the responses they identified six smoking motivation factors: reduction of negative affect, habit, addiction, pleasure, stimulation and sensorimotor manipulation. Subsequent surveys produced similar factors. ______ report that they smoked for reduction of negative affect and pleasure.
- Older people more than younger people
- Younger people more than older people
- Women more than men
- Men more than women
10. Graham describes smoking as ‘not simply a way of structuring caring: it is also part of the way smokers ______ when it breaks down’ (1987: 54).
- fill in time
- have a think
- have a break
- reimpose structure