Multiple Choice Questions

1. Each study in health psychology uses a specific participant or patient population (P), an intervention or issue of interest (I), a ______ (C) and an outcome of interest (O) or ‘PICO’.

  1. comparison of interest
  2. condition of interest
  3. consequence of interest
  4. correlation of interest

Answer: A

2. Action research can be traced back to the Gestalt psychology of ______.

  1. Kurt Koffka
  2. Max Wertheimer
  3. Wolfgang Kohler
  4. Kurt Lewin

Answer: D

3. In action research, as originally conceived, an idea leads to a general plan, and action steps. A change in the general plan might be indicated following a ______ of results.

  1. reconnaissance
  2. review
  3. recalculation
  4. rendering

Answer: A

4. In PhotoVoice, by taking and displaying ______, people can became more reflectively aware and are able to mobilize around personal and local issues.

  1. newspapers
  2. notes
  3. photographs
  4. diaries

Answer: C

5. In a between groups design, one of the groups should be a ______ group that will enable us to discover whether the treatment(s) show a different effect from no treatment.

  1. context
  2. control
  3. comparison
  4. contrast

Answer: B

6. A detailed descriptive account of an individual, group or collective is called a ______.

  1. detailed study
  2. descriptive study
  3. case study
  4. controlled study

Answer: C

7. Cause and effect can never be inferred between one variable and another, and it is impossible to say whether the observed associations are caused by a third background variable not measured in a ______.

  1. cross-correlational study
  2. cross-sampling study
  3. cross-sectional study
  4. cross-variable study

Answer: C

8. Discourse analysis is a set of procedures for analysing language as used in ______.

  1. speech or texts
  2. experiments
  3. surveys
  4. questionnaires

Answer: A

9. Both the investigator and the participant (subject) are prevented from knowing whether they are in the treatment of control condition in a ______.

  1. similar control
  2. placebo control
  3. matched control
  4. double-blind control

Answer: D

10. A necessary requirement before any research can be started is ______.

  1. paper and sharpened pencils
  2. clip board at the ready
  3. computer switched on
  4. ethical approval

Answer: D