Multiple Choice Questions
1. HIV is a retrovirus that infects and colonizes cells in the ______.
- immune system
- immune system and the central nervous system
- endocrine system
- immune system and endocrine system
2. In 2015, the global prevalence of HIV infection was ______.
3. The most common cause of inpatient admission to hospital for those living with HIV is ______.
- tuberculosis and other mycobacterial infections
- cardiovascular disorders
- bacterial infections
- none of these
4. ______ who need combination antiretroviral therapy receive it.
- Two in ten
- One in five
- Four in ten
- Three in five
5. According to Crepaz, Hart and Marks (2004), people’s ______ and viral load may promote unprotected sex.
- beliefs about cART
- knowledge of risk
- beliefs about transmission
- level of health literacy
6. Who said that stigma is ‘an attribute that is deeply discrediting’ and that reduces the bearer ‘from a whole and usual person to a tainted, discounted one’.
7. One in ten people ______ believed HIV infection can be transmitted through routes such as ______.
- incorrectly; kissing and spitting
- correctly; kissing and spitting
- incorrectly; needle sharing
- none of these
8. Studies suggest that fear of stigmatisation is especially strong among migrants. This is ______ which occurs when there is more than one type of difference.
- stigma enlargement
- stigma multiplication
- stigma amplification
- stigma magnification
9. Golub et al. (2010) surveyed 180 HIV-negative high-risk MSM and found that around 70% of participants reported that they would be likely to use PrEP if it were at least 80% effective in preventing HIV. Of those, over ______ reported that they would be likely to decrease condom use while on PrEP.
10. Scott-Sheldon et al. (2013) found that ______ mediated the association between HIV status and alcohol use.
- social support