Multiple Choice Questions
1. It has been estimated that the human body consists of ______ cells?
- 15 trillion
- 500 million
- 37.2 trillion
- 27 billion
2. Microglia cells, a type of glial cell, account for what percentage of cells in the brain?
3. ______ maintains homeostasis in the internal environment by regulating vital organs such as digestion, respiration, blood circulation, excretion, and the secretion of hormones.
- The autonomic nervous system
- Feedback looping
- The somatic nervous system
- none of these
4. Hormones have an influence on ______.
- the capacity for new learning
- vividness of imagery
- all of these
5. Organisms within the gut play a role in early programming and later responsivity of the stress system. The gut is inhabited ______ times the number of cells in the human body (Dinan and Cryan, 2012).
6. Our ______ is made up of barriers and cells that keep harmful germs from entering the body.
- innate immune system
- endocrine system
- adaptive immune system
- nervous system
7. Which cells are a type of white blood cell (called lymphocytes) which attack infected or damaged cells directly or produce powerful chemicals that mobilize an army of other IS substances and cells?
- glial cells
- B cells
- dendritic cell
- T Cells
8. Inflammation is a ______ process that is only intended to last a few days but, if it is continued indefinitely, there is a poor prognosis in many conditions. Inflammatory responses take precedence over normal body.
- none of these
9. Who in The Wisdom of the Body coined the term ‘homeostasis’?
- Walter Cannon (1932)
- Curt Richter (1942)
- Claude Bernard (1865)
- Mellanby (1920)
10. The ______ uses neurotransmitters and the ______ uses neuromodulators and hormones.
- endocrine system, nervous system
- nervous system, immune system
- nervous system, endocrine system
- immune system, nervous system